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Today in World War II History—April 3, 1944

Fleet Air Arm attack on the German battleship Tirpitz at Alta Fjord, Norway, 3 April 1944 (Imperial War Museum: A 22633)

Fleet Air Arm attack on the German battleship Tirpitz at Alta Fjord, Norway, 3 April 1944 (Imperial War Museum: A 22633)

75 Years Ago—April 3, 1944: In Alta Fjord, Norway, British Fleet Air Arm aircraft damage German battleship Tirpitz (438 killed).

In Smith v. Allwright, US Supreme Court declares all-white primaries in the South are unconstitutional.

Today in World War II History—April 2, 1944

B-29 Superfortress (USAF photo)

B-29 Superfortress (USAF photo)

75 Years Ago—April 2, 1944: Soviet troops enter Romania.

First US B-29 Superfortress arrives at Kharagpur, India, near Calcutta.

Armed revolt erupts in El Salvador, led by intellectuals, business leaders, and disaffected military, which will be put down with martial law, brutally enforced; 300 killed.

Today in World War II History—April 1, 1944

Adm. Sir Bertram Ramsay, Allied Naval Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces, at his London Headquarters at Norfolk House, 1944 (Imperial War Museum)

Adm. Sir Bertram Ramsay, Allied Naval Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces, at his London Headquarters at Norfolk House, 1944 (Imperial War Museum)

75 Years Ago—April 1, 1944: Countdown to D-day: Adm. Sir Bertram Ramsay (Allied Naval Commander, Expeditionary Force) takes operational control of US naval forces for D-day.

Allied Combined Bomber Offensive officially ends as Allies achieve air superiority over Europe.

US Fifteenth Air Force based in Italy begins operations to evacuate partisans, women, and children from Nazi-occupied Yugoslavia.

B-17s of the US 3rd Bombardment Division over Europe, WWII (USAF photo)

B-17s of the US 3rd Bombardment Division over Europe, WWII (USAF photo)

Today in World War II History—Mar. 31, 1944

Adm. Mineichi Koga (public domain via Wikipedia)

Adm. Mineichi Koga (public domain via Wikipedia)

75 Years Ago—Mar. 31, 1944: Vice Adm. Mineichi Koga, Commander-in-Chief of Japanese Combined Fleet, is killed in a plane crash on Mindanao in the Philippines.

Today in World War II History—Mar. 30, 1944

Peleliu Island under attack by aircraft of US Navy Task Force 58 (note F6F fighter in flight), 30 March 1944 (US National Museum of Naval Aviation)

Peleliu Island under attack by aircraft of US Navy Task Force 58 (note F6F fighter in flight), 30 March 1944 (US National Museum of Naval Aviation)

75 Years Ago—Mar. 30, 1944: RAF loses 96 of 795 bombers on raid on Nuremberg, Germany, its heaviest loss in the war, ending the RAF’s Battle of Berlin.

Japanese surround major British base of Imphal, India.

US Navy’s Task Force 58 with 11 carriers begins a 3-day air strike against the Caroline Islands in the Central Pacific; will destroy 150 Japanese aircraft at a cost of 20 US aircraft, and will sink over 40 ships and vessels.

RAF Lancaster bombers, 1944 (Imperial War Museum)

RAF Lancaster bombers, 1944 (Imperial War Museum)

Today in World War II History—Mar. 29, 1944

Flight nurse based in Prestwick, Scotland, preparing patients for transatlantic flight, 1944 (USAF photo)

Flight nurse based in Prestwick, Scotland, preparing patients for transatlantic flight, 1944 (USAF photo)

75 Years Ago—Mar. 29, 1944: Countdown to D-day: US expands North Atlantic medical air evacuation to move 200 patients per day, clearing hospitals in England for D-day.

Japanese cut Imphal-Kohima road in India.

Today in World War II History—Mar. 28, 1944

Poster for Australia’s First Victory Loan, March 28-May 9, 1944 (Australian War Memorial)

Poster for Australia’s First Victory Loan, March 28-May 9, 1944 (Australian War Memorial)

75 Years Ago—Mar. 28, 1944: Germans begin evacuation of Odessa, Ukraine.

Soviets take Nikolaev, Romania on the Black Sea.

Headquarters US XX Bomber Command (B-29 Superfortresses) arrives at Kharagpur, India, under Maj. Gen. Kenneth Wolfe.

Australia launches first Victory Loan drive to raise £150 million.

Today in World War II History—Mar. 26, 1944

New Zealand troops guard German POWs at Cassino, Italy, March 1944 (German Federal Archive: Bild 146-1975-014-31)

New Zealand troops guard German POWs at Cassino, Italy, March 1944 (German Federal Archive: Bild 146-1975-014-31)

75 Years Ago—Mar. 26, 1944: In Italy, the New Zealand Corps is disbanded at Cassino and sent to Adriatic Coast to recover.

Soviets reach River Pruth at the Romanian border.

Germans and Milice (pro-Nazi French police) attack Maquis (French resistance) hideout on Glières Plateau in Haute-Savoie region, scattering or killing over 400 Maquis.

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