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Today in World War II History—Oct. 29, 1942

Cpl. Refines Sims Jr., left, and Pvt. Alfred Jalufkamet of the US Army Corps of Engineers meeting in the middle after completing construction of the Alcan Highway, 1942. (US Army Corps of Engineers photo)

Cpl. Refines Sims Jr., left, and Pvt. Alfred Jalufkamet of the US Army Corps of Engineers meeting in the middle after completing construction of the Alcan Highway, 1942. (US Army Corps of Engineers photo)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 29, 1942: At El Alamein, German troops under Rommel make a heavy attack against Australians on the northern flank.

US completes construction of Alcan Highway, connecting Alaska to the “Lower Forty-Eight” (officially opens 11/26).

Today in World War II History—Oct. 28, 1942

RAF No. 223 Squadron Martin Baltimore bombing German landing ground at El Daba, Egypt, Second Battle of El Alamein, 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

RAF No. 223 Squadron Martin Baltimore bombing German landing ground at El Daba, Egypt, Second Battle of El Alamein, 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 28, 1942: At El Alamein in Egypt, German troops under Rommel form up for counterattack, which is broken up by Allied air attack.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 27, 1942

US Navy Day poster, 1942 (Bureau of Naval Personnel)

US Navy Day poster, 1942 (Bureau of Naval Personnel)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 27, 1942: Germans secure Caucasus Mountains.

Himmler orders liquidation of last major Ukrainian ghetto, at Pinsk.

Actor Clark Gable commissioned as a second lieutenant in US Army Air Forces after completing Officer Candidate School.

US celebrates Navy Day.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 26, 1942

Damage to carrier USS Hornet’s signal bridge, Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, 26 Oct 1942 (US Navy photo)

Damage to carrier USS Hornet’s signal bridge, Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, 26 Oct 1942 (US Navy photo)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 26, 1942: At El Alamein, British take Kidney Ridge.

Center and Eastern Task Forces depart Britain for Torch landings in Oran and Algiers, Algeria.

In Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, Japanese carrier aircraft damage carrier USS Hornet (sinks the next day) and carrier USS Enterprise.

First American Red Cross Clubmobiles begin service to US troops in Britain.

“Sighted Sinkers—Sank Same” American Red Cross clubmobile serves coffee and donuts to US troops in Britain, WWII (American Air Museum in Britain)

“Sighted Sinkers—Sank Same” American Red Cross clubmobile serves coffee and donuts to US troops in Britain, WWII (American Air Museum in Britain)

Today in World War II History 75 Years Ago—Oct. 25, 1942

US Marines at the mouth of the Matakikau River, 24 October 1942 (US Army Center of Military History)

US Marines at the mouth of the Matakikau River, 24 October 1942 (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 25, 1942: German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel returns to Battle of El Alamein in Egypt after medical treatment in Germany.

On Guadalcanal, Japanese attack Lunga perimeter and at the Matanikau River, but are repulsed.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 24, 1942

US Western Naval Task Force en route from US to French Morocco for Operation Torch, 26 October 1942. (US Army Center of Military History)

US Western Naval Task Force en route from US to French Morocco for Operation Torch, 26 October 1942. (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 24, 1942: Main detachment of Western Naval Task Force leaves Hampton Roads, VA & Casco Bay, ME for Operation Torch landings in Morocco, under Rear Adm. Kent Hewitt.

Australians secure Goodenough Island off New Guinea.

New songs in Top Ten: “Dearly Beloved,” “Praise the Lord and Pass the Ammunition.”

Today in World War II History—Oct. 23, 1942

Australian soldiers running toward the front lines during reenactment of Second Battle of El Alamein, 24 Oct 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

Australian soldiers running toward the front lines during reenactment of Second Battle of El Alamein, 24 Oct 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 23, 1942: Second Battle of El Alamein begins: British Eighth Army under Gen. Bernard Montgomery breaks through German defenses in Egypt.

First detachment of Western Task Force departs Hampton Roads, VA for landings in Morocco.

Eleanor Roosevelt arrives in Britain for 3-week visit, promises soldiers warmer socks and faster mail.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 22, 1942

British recruitment poster, WWII75 Years Ago—Oct. 22, 1942: Britain reduces age of conscription to 18.

First transports for Operation Torch, the Allied landings in North Africa, depart Britain (cargo ships).

Today in World War II History—Oct. 21, 1942

Lt. Gen. Mark Clark aboard USS Ancon off Salerno, Italy, 12 Sept 1943

Lt. Gen. Mark Clark aboard USS Ancon off Salerno, Italy, 12 Sept 1943

75 Years Ago—Oct. 21, 1942: Maj. Gen. Mark Clark lands by sub at Cherchel, Algeria for clandestine meeting with Vichy French in preparation for the upcoming Allied invasion.

WWI ace Eddie Rickenbacker’s B-17 ditches in the central Pacific; crew afloat for 24 days.

Congress passes Revenue Act of 1942, which raises $7 billion in new income taxes and reduces deductions, adding 13 million new taxpayers into the system.

Movie premiere of For Me and My Gal with Gene Kelly in his debut and Judy Garland.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 20, 1942

US poster encouraging lumber production, 1943

US poster encouraging lumber production, 1943

75 Years Ago—Oct. 20, 1942: US War Production Board orders stop to all non-essential civil construction projects.

Southern Conference on Race Relations issues Durham Manifesto urging voting rights and equal educational and job opportunities.