65 Years Ago – October 28, 1944: Axis Bulgaria signs armistice with the Allies. US B-29s fly first mission from the Marianas.
65 Years Ago – Oct. 26, 1944: The Battle of Leyte Gulf concludes with a decisive US victory, despite heavy Japanese kamikaze attacks. This battle marks the virtual collapse of the Japanese Navy.
65 Years Ago – Oct. 25, 1944: Japanese forces take advantage of the naval diversion and attack US ground troops at Leyte in the Philippines.
65 Years Ago – Oct. 24, 1944: Fifty black sailors are convicted of mutiny in the controversial Port Chicago case. After only 80 minutes deliberation, all 50 men receive 15-year sentencea.
65 Years Ago – Oct. 23, 1944: Battle of Leyte Gulf begins as Japanese fleet lures the US Third Fleet away from the landing beaches at Leyte in the Philippines.
70 Years Ago – October 22, 1939: Soviets clamp down on occupied Poland, closing factories & schools, banning the Polish language & typewriters, and burning churches.
65 Years Ago – October 22, 1944: First use of napalm – US fighters drop napalm on oil storage tanks on Ceram Island in the Pacific.
70 Years Ago – October 21, 1939: President Roosevelt establishes an advisory committee on uranium.
65 Years Ago – October 21, 1944: US First Army takes Aachen, the first German city to fall to the Allies.
65 Years Ago – Oct. 20, 1944: US Sixth Army lands at Leyte Gulf in the Philippines, led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, who declares, “I have returned.”
65 Years Ago – Oct. 19, 1944: Japanese Vice-Admiral Onishi Takijino orders the formation of a kamikaze force to attack Allied ships around the Philippines.
70 Years Ago – October 18, 1939: Hitler authorizes U-boats to attack any ships traveling in convoys. President Roosevelt orders US waters off-limits to subs of warring nations.
65 Years Ago – October 18, 1944: Hitler activates Volksturm, a militia of all men 16-60 years old. Greek government returns to Athens.