65 Years Ago: July 26, 1944: President Roosevelt meets with General MacArthur and Admiral Nimitz in Honolulu to determine strategy in the Pacific. The decision is made to invade the Philippines rather than Formosa.
65 Years Ago: July 25, 1944: Operation Cobra: US forces begin breakout from Normandy. While supporting Cobra, US Eighth Air Force accidentally bombs friendly troops, killing 102, including Lt. Gen. Lesley McNair.
65 Years Ago: July 24, 1944: US Marines land on Tinian in the Marianas.
65 Years Ago: July 23, 1944: Soviets liberate first concentration camps – at Maidenek and Lublin in Poland.
65 Years Ago: July 22, 1944: German SS troops destroy town of St. Gingolph, France.
65 Years Ago: July 21, 1944: US Army and Marine forces invade Japanese-held Guam with heavy opposition.
65 Years Ago: July 20, 1944: Operation Valkyrie – German officers attempt to assassinate Hitler, led by Colonel Count Claus von Stauffenberg. The following coup attempt also fails.
65 Years Ago: July 19, 1944: Democratic convention opens in Chicago; President Roosevelt will be nominated for an unprecedented fourth term.
65 Years Ago: July 18, 1944: Japanese prime minister, Gen. Hideki Tojo, resigns with his whole cabinet and is replaced by Gen. Kuniaki Koiso.
65 Years Ago: July 17, 1944: Port Chicago Explosion: two ships explode at the US Naval Magazine in Port Chicago, California, killing 322 (mostly black sailors) in the largest home front disaster of the war. The resulting controversy exposes discrimination in the armed forces and leads to the desegregation of the Navy.