65 Years Ago: Aug. 17, 1944: Germans begin retreat from southern France and from Falaise pocket; Canadians take Falaise.
65 Years Ago: Aug. 16, 1944: US Eighth Air Force suffers first loss from a Luftwaffe jet fighter and destroys German jet for first time.
65 Years Ago: Aug. 15, 1944: “Operation Anvil” or “Dragoon”: US Seventh Army and French forces land in southern France between Cannes and Toulon.
65 Years Ago: Aug. 14, 1944: Germans surrounded by Canadian and US forces in the Falaise pocket in France. The US War Production Board allows the production of civilian goods to resume in preparation for the November elections.
65 Years Ago: Aug. 12, 1944: Joseph Kennedy Jr. (brother of the future president) is killed in a top-secret Aphrodite mission from England, in which planes loaded with bombs are guided by remote control to the target after the pilots bail out.
65 Years Ago: Aug. 11, 1944: Fifty black sailors who survived the Port Chicago Explosion still refuse to load munitions and are charged with mutiny.
65 Years Ago: Aug. 10, 1944: US secures Guam, although one Japanese soldier won’t surrender until 1972.
65 Years Ago: Aug. 9, 1944: At Mare Island in Vallejo, CA, 258 black sailors who survived the Port Chicago Explosion refuse to load munitions and are imprisoned.
65 Years Ago: Aug. 8, 1944: Eight German officers are hanged in Berlin for their role in the July 20 Hitler assassination plot. By February 3, 1945, 4980 will be executed.
65 Years Ago: Aug. 7, 1944: Canadian forces launch drive toward Falaise in France.