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Today in World War II History—Mar. 4, 1942

SBD-3 Dauntless dive-bombers prepare for launch from carrier USS Enterprise, early 1942 (US National Archives)

SBD-3 Dauntless dive-bombers prepare for launch from carrier USS Enterprise, early 1942 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Mar. 4, 1942: Two Japanese flying boats bomb Pearl Harbor—no damage.

Aircraft from USS Enterprise group strike Marcus Island in South Pacific.

Today in World War II History—Mar. 3, 1942

Lancaster B Mark Is of No. 44 Squadron, Royal Air Force, 29 September 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

Lancaster B Mark Is of No. 44 Squadron, Royal Air Force, 29 September 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

75 Years Ago—Mar. 3, 1942: Operational debut of RAF Avro Lancaster heavy bomber.

Japanese bomb Broome, Australia; 70 killed including Dutch evacuees from the East Indies and US airmen.

Today in World War II History—Mar. 2, 1942

Connie Haines, Maxie Rosenbloom, Ben Lyon, Morton Downey and Joan Blondell at the Stage Door Canteen in New York, 20 August 1943 (public domain via Wide World Photos).

Connie Haines, Maxie Rosenbloom, Ben Lyon, Morton Downey and Joan Blondell at the Stage Door Canteen in New York, 20 August 1943 (public domain via Wide World Photos).

75 Years Ago—Mar. 2, 1942: In Australia, all adult civilians are liable for compulsory war service.

US Army reorganizes into three autonomous commands—Ground Forces, Army Air Forces, and Services of Supply.

Stage Door Canteen opens on Broadway in 44th St. Theater, where stars entertain and serve servicemen.

Today in World War II History—Mar. 1, 1942

HMS Exeter under attack during the Second Battle of the Java Sea, 1 Mar 1942 (Japanese Navy Photo)

HMS Exeter under attack, Battle of the Java Sea, 1 Mar 1942 (Japanese Navy Photo)

75 Years Ago—Mar. 1, 1942: In the Battle of Sunda Strait off Java, Japanese ships sink heavy cruiser USS Houston, light cruiser HMAS Perth, and Dutch destroyer Evertsen; US ships sink 6 Japanese transports and other ships.

In Battle of the Java Sea, Japanese cruisers sink heavy cruiser HMS Exeter and destroyers HMS Encounter and USS Pope.

Off Newfoundland, a PBO Hudson bomber sinks U-656, the first U-boat sunk by the US Navy in WWII.

“Command Performance” radio show premieres from New York, starring Eddie Cantor taking requests from servicemen.

Today in World War II History—Feb. 28, 1942

Destroyer USS Jacob Jones, 1930s (US Navy photo)

Destroyer USS Jacob Jones, 1930s (US Navy photo)

75 Years Ago—Feb. 28, 1942: Japanese land on Java in East Indies.

Off Delaware coast, German U-boat U-578 sinks US destroyer Jacob Jones—138/149 killed.

Today in World War II History—Feb. 27, 1942

Seaplane tender USS Langley being abandoned after being damaged by Japanese bombs, Battle of Java Sea, 27 Feb 1942 (US Naval History and Heritage Command)

Seaplane tender USS Langley being abandoned after being damaged by Japanese bombs, Battle of Java Sea, 27 Feb 1942 (US Naval History and Heritage Command)

75 Years Ago—Feb. 27, 1942: Battle of Java Sea begins—Allied ships fail to prevent Japanese landing at Java, take heavy losses.

Nazis order construction of gas chambers at Auschwitz.

Seattle school board accepts forced resignation of Japanese-American teachers.

Today in World War II History—Feb. 26, 1942

Ribbon for the Army’s Distinguished Unit Citation

Ribbon for the Army’s Distinguished Unit Citation

75 Years Ago—Feb. 26, 1942: Army Distinguished Unit Citation authorized, worn above right breast pocket.

3000 Japanese residents of San Pedro and Terminal Island, CA ordered to leave in 3 days.

Academy Awards: best picture How Green Was My Valley, best actress Joan Fontaine in Suspicion, best actor Gary Cooper in Sergeant York, best director John Ford for How Green Was My Valley, first Oscars awarded for documentaries.

Today in World War II History—Feb. 25, 1942

Antiaircraft fire over Los Angeles, CA, 24-25 February 1942 (California State Archives)

Antiaircraft fire over Los Angeles, CA, 24-25 February 1942 (California State Archives)

75 Years Ago—Feb. 25, 1942: “Battle of Los Angeles”: In Los Angeles, false reports of enemy planes (actually a rogue weather balloon) lead to firing of antiaircraft guns during night of Feb. 24-25; 5 civilians die from resulting car accidents or heart attacks.

British Gen. Sir Archibald Wavell named Commander in Chief, India.

President Roosevelt bans racial discrimination in defense industry.

Today in World War II History—Feb. 24, 1942

TBD-1 Devastator bomber over Wake Island during American attack, 24 Feb 1942 (US National Archives)

TBD-1 Devastator bomber over Wake Island during American attack, 24 Feb 1942 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Feb. 24, 1942: Soviet sub ShCh-213 sinks Bulgarian passenger ship Struma; 766 Jewish refugees die after having been refused admission to Palestine and Turkey.

Canada orders removal of all Japanese-Canadians from west coast to inland communities.

USS Enterprise group strikes Wake Island, sinking two Japanese guard boats.

Today in World War II History—Feb. 23, 1942

US B-17 Flying Fortress "Swamp Ghost" undergoing restoration at the Pacific Aviation Museum. (Photo: Sarah Sundin, 7 Nov 2016)

US B-17 Flying Fortress “Swamp Ghost” undergoing restoration at the Pacific Aviation Museum. (Photo: Sarah Sundin, 7 Nov 2016)

75 Years Ago—Feb. 23, 1942: US Fifth Air Force B-17s, based in Townsville, Australia make first attack on Rabaul; 1 crash-lands in New Guinea swamp—Swamp Ghost now in Pacific Aviation Museum at Pearl Harbor.

Japanese sub I-17 fires at Bankline Oil Refinery at Ellwood near Santa Barbara CA; little damage; first attack on US mainland in war.

US Army Air Forces approve “winged star” emblem in shape of a V for victory.