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Today in World War II History 75 Years Ago—Oct. 25, 1942

US Marines at the mouth of the Matakikau River, 24 October 1942 (US Army Center of Military History)

US Marines at the mouth of the Matakikau River, 24 October 1942 (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 25, 1942: German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel returns to Battle of El Alamein in Egypt after medical treatment in Germany.

On Guadalcanal, Japanese attack Lunga perimeter and at the Matanikau River, but are repulsed.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 24, 1942

US Western Naval Task Force en route from US to French Morocco for Operation Torch, 26 October 1942. (US Army Center of Military History)

US Western Naval Task Force en route from US to French Morocco for Operation Torch, 26 October 1942. (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 24, 1942: Main detachment of Western Naval Task Force leaves Hampton Roads, VA & Casco Bay, ME for Operation Torch landings in Morocco, under Rear Adm. Kent Hewitt.

Australians secure Goodenough Island off New Guinea.

New songs in Top Ten: “Dearly Beloved,” “Praise the Lord and Pass the Ammunition.”

Today in World War II History—Oct. 23, 1942

Australian soldiers running toward the front lines during reenactment of Second Battle of El Alamein, 24 Oct 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

Australian soldiers running toward the front lines during reenactment of Second Battle of El Alamein, 24 Oct 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 23, 1942: Second Battle of El Alamein begins: British Eighth Army under Gen. Bernard Montgomery breaks through German defenses in Egypt.

First detachment of Western Task Force departs Hampton Roads, VA for landings in Morocco.

Eleanor Roosevelt arrives in Britain for 3-week visit, promises soldiers warmer socks and faster mail.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 22, 1942

British recruitment poster, WWII75 Years Ago—Oct. 22, 1942: Britain reduces age of conscription to 18.

First transports for Operation Torch, the Allied landings in North Africa, depart Britain (cargo ships).

Today in World War II History—Oct. 21, 1942

Lt. Gen. Mark Clark aboard USS Ancon off Salerno, Italy, 12 Sept 1943

Lt. Gen. Mark Clark aboard USS Ancon off Salerno, Italy, 12 Sept 1943

75 Years Ago—Oct. 21, 1942: Maj. Gen. Mark Clark lands by sub at Cherchel, Algeria for clandestine meeting with Vichy French in preparation for the upcoming Allied invasion.

WWI ace Eddie Rickenbacker’s B-17 ditches in the central Pacific; crew afloat for 24 days.

Congress passes Revenue Act of 1942, which raises $7 billion in new income taxes and reduces deductions, adding 13 million new taxpayers into the system.

Movie premiere of For Me and My Gal with Gene Kelly in his debut and Judy Garland.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 20, 1942

US poster encouraging lumber production, 1943

US poster encouraging lumber production, 1943

75 Years Ago—Oct. 20, 1942: US War Production Board orders stop to all non-essential civil construction projects.

Southern Conference on Race Relations issues Durham Manifesto urging voting rights and equal educational and job opportunities.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 18, 1942

Vice Adm. William Halsey, 1941 (US Naval History and Heritage Command)

Vice Adm. William Halsey, 1941 (US Naval History and Heritage Command)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 18, 1942: Hitler orders execution of all Allied commandos taken prisoner, even if in uniform.

Vice Adm. William Halsey replaces Vice Adm. Robert Ghormley as Commander South Pacific Area and South Pacific Force.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 17, 1942

US Army V-Disc with Bing Crosby recordings of “White Christmas” and “I’ll Be Home for Christmas,” 1945 (public domain via Wikipedia)

US Army V-Disc with Bing Crosby recordings of “White Christmas” and “I’ll Be Home for Christmas,” 1945 (public domain via Wikipedia)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 17, 1942: Luftwaffe abandons daylight raids against Malta.

Germans take Tractor Factory in Stalingrad.

Abel’s Field opens at Fasari, New Guinea, named after missionary Cecil Abel who constructed the airfield with native help.

New song in Top Ten: “White Christmas.”

Today in World War II History—Oct. 16, 1942

Submarine USS Thresher after launch, 1940 (US Navy photo)

Submarine USS Thresher after launch, 1940 (US Navy photo)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 16, 1942: Cyclone kills 40,000 in Bengal, leading to serious famine in 1943.

Sub USS Thresher mines approaches to Bangkok, Thailand in first US Navy submarine mine plant of WWII.

Aaron Copland ballet Rodeo premieres in New York City.