75 Years Ago—Mar. 11, 1943: US Congress votes to extend Lend-Lease to send military equipment and supplies to the Allies.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Mar. 10, 1943: P-47 Thunderbolt fighter planes fly first mission with US Eighth Air Force. US retakes Sbeïtla, Tunisia. US Fourteenth Air Force activated under Maj. Gen. Claire Chennault, based in Kunming, China. German Navy begins using new Enigma code, blinding Allies until March 19, a crucial period in what will become the… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Mar. 9, 1943: US Eighth Air Force Central Medical Establishment recommends 25-mission combat tour for bomber crewmen, 200 hours/150 missions for fighter pilots. Field Marshal Erwin Rommel returns to Germany for sick leave & to plead for a decreased bridgehead in North Africa; Col. Gen. Jürgin von Arnim succeeds him over Army Group… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Mar. 8, 1943: Japanese cross Yangtze River in China near Ichang. US lifts ban on sale of sliced bread, originally designed to conserve metal used in blades (Read more: “Make It Do—Metal Shortages in World War II”).
75 Years Ago—Mar. 7, 1943: First B-26 Marauder medium bomber group (322nd Bombardment Group) arrives in England to serve with the US Eighth Air Force. Madame Chiang Kai-shek speaks at Wellesley College, MA, her alma mater (class of 1917).
75 Years Ago—Mar. 6, 1943: Germans release 1800 Jewish men detained at the Rosenstrasse in Berlin due to protests by their Gentile wives; they will survive the Holocaust. Maj. Gen. George Patton replaces Maj. Gen. Lloyd Fredendall over US II Corps in Tunisia. US Navy changes WAVES regulations to allow women to marry Navy men… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Mar. 5, 1943: RAF sends 442 bombers to Essen, Germany, opening the Battle of the Ruhr—43 major raids through June. Maiden flight of first British jet aircraft, the Gloster Meteor. In convoy XK-2 off Cape Finisterre, German U-boat U-130 sinks four British freighters with one salvo of four torpedoes. Auxiliary carrier USS Bogue… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Mar. 4, 1943: Academy Awards emceed by Bob Hope: Best movie—Mrs. Miniver. Best actor James Cagney in Yankee Doodle Dandy Best actress Greer Garson in Mrs. Miniver Best director William Wyler for Mrs. Miniver. US 91st Bomb Group conducts first trial of armored flak vests.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 3, 1943: During Luftwaffe air raid on London, panic causes 173 deaths in Bethnal Green tube station. In Battle of the Bismarck Sea, Allied aircraft sink Japanese destroyers Asashio, Arashio, Tokitsukaze, and Shirayuki.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 2, 1943: In the Battle of the Bismarck Sea (March 2-5), US Fifth Air Force and Royal Australian Air Force aircraft sink all 8 transports in a Japanese convoy to Lae, New Guinea, and 4 of 8 escorting destroyers; US B-25 Mitchell medium bombers pioneer the use of skip-bombing. Movie premiere of… Read more »