75 Years Ago—Dec. 7, 1942: US forces on Guadalcanal shell Japanese positions to mark Pearl Harbor anniversary. German U-boat U-515 sinks British troopship Ceramic off the Azores; 654 killed, including nurses and 12 children. Submarine USS Bowfin is launched at Portsmouth Navy Yard, Maine, nicknamed the “Pearl Harbor Avenger,” now a museum ship at Pearl… Read more »
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Dec. 6, 1942: Germans victorious in tank battle at Djebel el Guessa, Tunisia.
75 Years Ago—Dec. 5, 1942: President Roosevelt establishes Office of Economic Stabilization to control inflation. New song in Top Ten: “There Are Such Things.”
75 Years Ago—Dec. 4, 1942: Żegota (Council to Aid Jews) established in Warsaw by underground Polish Christians and Jews to find safe places for Polish Jews; about 4000 would be saved. President Roosevelt cancels Depression-era Works Progress Administration (WPA). US Ninth Air Force, based in Egypt, bombs Naples (Rommel’s supply port) in first US attack… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Dec. 3, 1942: Germans reoccupy Tebourba, Tunisia; in battle for Tebourba, Germans first use Tiger I tank in North Africa.
75 Years Ago—Dec. 1, 1942: Maj. Gen. Ira Eaker replaces Maj. Gen. Carl Spaatz in command of US Eighth Air Force, based in England. Australians capture Gona, New Guinea. Control of “Hump” flights (India to China over the Himalayas) passes from US Tenth Air Force to US Air Transport Command. In the United States, gas… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Nov. 30, 1942: In Tunisia, Allied offensive halts between Tebourba and Djedeïda due to inadequate air power. Battle of Tassafaronga: US ships repulse Japanese off Guadalcanal with heavy losses on both sides. First flight of North American XP-51B Mustang (with US Packard-built Merlin engine), at Inglewood, CA. US First War Loan Drive begins,… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Nov. 29, 1942: Coffee rationing begins in the United States. Read more: “Make It Do—Coffee Rationing in World War II.”
75 Years Ago—Nov. 28, 1942: In Boston, a fire at the Cocoanut Grove nightclub kills 492. Movie premiere of George Washington Slept Here, starring Jack Benny and Ann Sheridan.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 27, 1942: Germans take Toulon, France. French scuttle fleet in Toulon so warships won’t fall into German hands (77 ships). Goodrich produces its first bale of synthetic rubber in the US rubber program.