75 Years Ago—April 13, 1944: Countdown to D-day: RAF and US Ninth Air Force begin bombing campaign against gun emplacements at Normandy and elsewhere on coast to conceal invasion site. Martial law lifted in US Territory of Hawaii, which had been in place since the attack on Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941. Hollywood movie premiere… Read more »
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—April 12, 1944: German troops begin evacuating the Crimea by sea. King Vittorio Emanuele of Italy transfers most powers to his son Prince Umberto but retains the throne.
75 Years Ago—April 11, 1944: Due to increasing instances of sabotage in factories by the French, the German SS orders public execution as the penalty for sabotage. Countdown to D-day: Lt. Col. James Rudder submits plan for US 2nd Ranger Battalion’s assault on Pointe du Hoc on D-day. Soviets take Kerch in the Ukraine.
75 Years Ago—April 10, 1944: Countdown to D-day: Adm. Sir Bertram Ramsay (Allied Naval Commander, Expeditionary Force) issues 700-page Naval Orders, Operation Neptune (naval plan for D-day). Soviets & partisans take Odessa, Ukraine.
75 Years Ago—April 9, 1944: Japanese surround 155,000 British & Indian troops in Imphal, India. On Easter, churches around the nation donate $600,000 to the new War Relief Fund, started by Park Street Church in Boston, MA; in 1950, the organization will become World Relief.
75 Years Ago—April 8, 1944: Over New Guinea, Capt. Dick Bong of the US Fifth Air Force surpasses Eddie Rickenbacker’s 26 victories in WWI to become the top US ace. New song in Top Ten: “Long Ago and Far Away” from the movie Cover Girl.
75 Years Ago—April 7, 1944: Slovak Jews Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escape from Auschwitz; they will write a detailed report that will be published in Geneva on May 17 and will lead Hungary to halt deportations in July 1944. At besieged Kohima in India, Japanese troops seize the city’s water supply.
75 Years Ago—April 6, 1944: Japanese besiege 3500 British & Indian troops in Kohima, India. United Kingdom introduces PAYE (Pay As You Earn) tax system. Movie premiere of Cover Girl, starring Gene Kelly & Rita Hayworth; Oscar winner for orchestration for Carmen Dragon (of Antioch, CA).
75 Years Ago—April 5, 1944: US Strategic Air Forces (in England and Italy) begins campaign against German oil production: US Fifteenth Air Force sends 334 bombers to oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. In Hungary, all Jews are required to wear yellow stars.
75 Years Ago—April 4, 1944: Gen. Charles de Gaulle is named head of Free French military forces, replacing Gen. Henri Giraud.