75 Years Ago—Oct. 10, 1943: Gen. Franco of Spain orders “Blue” Division of Spanish volunteers serving in German army back to Spain; a few thousand disobey and remain. A German time bomb in Naples kills 23 US combat engineers.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Oct. 9, 1943: US Eighth Air Force sends 378 B-17 and B-24 bombers to bomb Marienburg, Anklam, Danzig, and Gdynia—their longest mission to date, which allows them to surprise the Germans.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 8, 1943: In Italy, US occupies Caserta Palace, future Headquarters of US Fifth Army.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 7, 1943: Japanese execute all 98 US civilian construction POWs on Wake Island in reprisal for US air raids. First German time bomb explodes in Naples, in the main post office, leading to 70 casualties; more bombs will explode over the next 3 weeks. Movie premiere of Lassie Come Home, starring Roddy… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Oct. 6, 1943: Naval Battle of Vella Lavella: US fails to prevent Japanese evacuation of the island; US and Japanese each lose one destroyer; last surface engagement in the Solomons and last clear-cut naval victory for the Japanese. US Fifth Army reaches Volturno River in Italy.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 5, 1943: US Navy Task Force 14 strikes Wake Island, and its aircraft destroy 61 Japanese planes. US Fifth Army declares Naples secure.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 4, 1943: Only US fleet carrier action in north Atlantic: in joint action with Royal Navy, aircraft from USS Ranger attack two German convoys at Bodø, Norway, sink 5 ships. Free French secure Corsica. First Liberty ship docks at Naples’s wrecked harbor.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 3, 1943: Japanese finish evacuating Kolombangara, their last air base in the Solomons, after the island had been bypassed and isolated by the Allies.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 2, 1943: Australians take Finschhafen, New Guinea. Nazis arrest Danish Jews, but 7000 have been safely transported to Sweden and only about 500 remain in Denmark. NFL season opens with new team, the Philadelphia-Pittsburgh Combine, the “Steagles,” since the Steelers and the Eagles had been decimated by the draft. New song in… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Oct. 1, 1943: In Italy, US Fifth Army and British X Corps enter Naples, while British Eighth Army occupies Foggia and its airfields. US Third War Loan Drive ends, raising $19 billion (quota $15 billion). Read more: World War II War Bonds.