75 Years Ago—Nov. 12, 1942: US Ninth AF formed in Egypt under Lt. Gen. Lewis Brereton. Morocco and Algeria are in Allied hands (770 Americans and 240 British were killed in Torch landings). Kaiser Shipyards in Richmond, CA launches Liberty Ship Robert E. Peary four days after the keel is laid, a wartime record.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Nov. 11, 1942: US takes Casablanca, French Morocco. Allied and French forces cease fire in North Africa at 0700. Germans occupy Vichy France in response to French surrender in North Africa, occupy all but Marseille and Toulon. British Eighth Army enters Libya, pushing Germans out of Egypt. Three Air Evacuation Squadrons are activated… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Nov. 10, 1942: US takes Oran, Algeria and Mehdia, Morocco. In a daring raid in Morocco, destroyer USS Dallas steams up Wadi Sebou under the Kasbah, and takes Port Lyautey Airfield. Victories in North Africa lead Churchill to proclaim, “This is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end…. Read more »
75 Years Ago—Nov. 9, 1942: German planes transport troops to El Aouina Airfield in French Tunisia to combat Allied landings in Algeria. Germans force Danish King Christian to appoint pro-Nazi Erik Scavenius as prime minister. German spy Werner Janowski is landed by U-boat U-518 at New Carlisle, Quebec, but is arrested within hours on a… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Nov. 8, 1942: Operation Torch: 400,000 American and British troops land in Morocco and Algeria in three main forces. In Naval Battle of Casablanca, US ships sink nine French warships. Nurses from US 48th Surgical Hospital land with Torch forces, the first and last time women land with the assault during the war.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 7, 1942: US Marine Corps approves establishment of women’s reserve. New song in Top Ten: “I Came Here to Talk for Joe.”
75 Years Ago—Nov. 6, 1942: US Marines take Koli Point, Guadalcanal. US authorizes three Theater of Operation ribbons—US, Europe/Africa, Pacific/Asia. First WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service) report for shore duty.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 5, 1942: Vichy French governor of Madagascar officially surrenders to British. Gen. Dwight Eisenhower arrives in Gibraltar, his headquarters for Operation Torch, the Allied landings in North Africa. Songwriter George M. Cohan dies in New York City, age 64.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 4, 1942: British victorious at Second Battle of El Alamein—Germans under Rommel retreat to Fuka in defiance of Hitler’s order. Carlson’s Raiders (US Marines) land at Aola Point, Guadalcanal to harass Japanese behind lines.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 3, 1942: RAF flies first combat mission with Lockheed Ventura medium bombers, over the Netherlands. Hitler orders Rommel not to retreat at El Alamein in Egypt. On Guadalcanal, US Marines take Point Cruz and land at Koli Point.