75 Years Ago—Sept. 9, 1943: Operation Avalanche: US Fifth Army and British X Corps land at Salerno, Italy, while British Eighth Army lands at Taranto. Italian fleet departs La Spezia, Genoa, and Taranto as Germans occupy the country; Italians scuttle warships that can’t sail. Luftwaffe sinks Italian battleship Roma as it tries to escape, 1253… Read more »
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Sept. 8, 1943: Eisenhower announces secretly negotiated Italian surrender at 6:30 pm, 9 hours before the Allied landings at Salerno and Taranto. Germans activate Operation Achse (occupying Italy and Italian-occupied French Riviera) at 8 pm, entering Rome and taking over the Italian coastal division at Salerno. On Corsica, civilians rise up against Italians… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Sept. 7, 1943: German 17th Army begins evacuating Kuban bridgehead in southern Russia as Soviets advance. Off Salerno, Italy, sub HMS Shakespeare sinks Italian sub Velella, the last Italian sub lost to enemy action; all others will surrender to the Allies the following day. Actor Orson Welles marries actress Rita Hayworth.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 6, 1943: New high-speed Congressional Limited train derails at Frankford Junction, Philadelphia, PA, 79 killed. Carl Scheib, age 16, becomes the youngest pitcher in American League, playing for the Philadelphia A’s.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 5, 1943: US & Australian paratroopers land in Nadzab, New Guinea to encircle Japanese near Lae; first US paratrooper action in the Pacific. Penicillin is delivered to dying 15-year-old Shirley Carter in Macon, GA by a B-24 Liberator bomber and with police escort; she survives.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 4, 1943: Australian 9th Division lands near Lae on New Guinea.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 3, 1943: Operation Baytown: British Eighth Army lands unopposed in Calabria on the toe of Italy at Reggio, Gallico, and Catona. Italy signs secret armistice with the Allies.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 2, 1943: In Germany, Albert Speer is appointed Reich minister for arms and war production. Movie premiere of musical The Sky’s the Limit, starring Fred Astaire & Joan Leslie, featuring hit song “One for My Baby (and One More for the Road).”
75 Years Ago—Sept. 1, 1943: US Navy assumes aerial antisubmarine warfare responsibility in the Atlantic from the US Army Air Force. Civil Air Patrol is relieved of antisubmarine duties; the civilian pilots had spotted 173 subs, 91 vessels in distress, and lifeboats carrying 363 survivors. US 5th Ranger Battalion is activated at Camp Forrest, Tullahoma,… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Aug. 31, 1943: First use of Grumman F6F Hellcat in combat, from carrier USS Yorktown in raid on Marcus Island in the Pacific—only 18 months after first flight of F6F prototype. US Civil Air Patrol’s Coastal Patrol program discontinued as U-boat threat has waned. Destroyer escort USS Harmon commissioned at Quincy, MA, the… Read more »