75 Years Ago—June 9, 1943: US 11th Naval District declares Los Angeles off-limits to servicemen, ending the Zoot Suit Riots (attacks by servicemen on Mexican-Americans). Future president George H.W. Bush commissioned as an ensign in the US Naval Reserves, age 18, the youngest US naval aviator in history.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—June 8, 1943: US begins the “Victory Home” campaign to encourage rationing, scrap collection, and other patriotic wartime activities. Los Angeles City Council bans wearing of zoot suits favored by Mexican-Americans in effort to stop Zoot Suit Riots (attacks by servicemen on Latino youths). Japanese battleship Mutsu is sunk in accidental explosion at… Read more »
75 Years Ago—June 7, 1943: Australia begins butter rationing (1 lb/2 weeks). Off Guadalcanal, US Thirteenth Air Force, US Navy, US Marine Corps, and Royal New Zealand Air Force planes shoot down 23 Japanese aircraft
75 Years Ago—June 6, 1943: North American A-36 Apache (fighter-bomber version of the P-51 Mustang) flies first combat mission in US Twelfth Air Force mission to Pantelleria in the Mediterranean. Future actor Paul Newman enlists in US Navy, age 18.
75 Years Ago—June 5, 1943: Aircraft from escort carrier USS Bogue sink German U-boat U-217 in the mid-Atlantic. US Army signs contract with the University of Pennsylvania to develop the first all-electronic computer, ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer).
75 Years Ago—June 4, 1943: Luftwaffe bombs Gorky, Russia in first German strategic air raid against Soviet industrial centers. Chinese launch assault against Japanese in the Hubei-Hunan region of China.
75 Years Ago—June 3, 1943: Zoot Suit Riots begin—US Navy sailors and Mexican-Americans scuffle in Los Angeles, as servicemen resent flamboyant “unpatriotic” clothing of Latino youth; over the next several days over 150 people will be injured. French Committee for National Liberation formed in Algiers, Algeria, under joint leadership of former rivals Generals Charles de… Read more »
75 Years Ago—June 2, 1943: Combat debut of US 99th Fighter Squadron, the first African-American squadron (“Tuskegee Airmen”), in Twelfth Air Force mission from Tunisia to island of Pantelleria.
75 Years Ago—June 1, 1943: British actor Leslie Howard (Gone With the Wind) is killed when a German Ju 88 shoots down his DC-3 airliner flying from Portugal to England. Col. Florence Blanchfield becomes superintendent of the US Army Nurse Corps. Frank Sinatra signs with Columbia Records as a solo artist.
75 Years Ago—May 31, 1943: British ships begin naval bombardment of Pantelleria between Tunisia and Sicily, adding to the aerial bombardment started May 18. Movie premiere of Cole Porter musical Du Barry Was a Lady, starring Red Skelton, Lucille Ball, Virginia O’Brien, and Gene Kelly. “Archie” comics first broadcast on radio.