Posts Categorized: Today WWII History

Today in World War II History—July 1, 1943

Recruiting poster for US Cadet Nurse Corps, WWII

75 Years Ago—July 1, 1943: Congress changes WAAC (Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps) to WAC (Women’s Army Corps) effective 9/30/43. Congress creates US Cadet Nurse Corps, which provides a free nursing education in exchange for military service. First All-American Girls Professional Baseball League All-Star Game is played. First night game played at Wrigley Field in Chicago,… Read more »

Today in World War II History—June 30, 1943

US Marines landing on Rendova, 30 June 1943 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—June 30, 1943: US Sixth Army, in its first operation, lands main force on unoccupied Kiriwina and Woodlark in Trobriand Islands (Southwest Pacific). US Army and Marines land on Rendova in the Solomons. Depression-Era Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and Works Progress Administration (WPA) are officially disbanded.

Today in World War II History—June 29, 1943

US aircraft national insignia, 29 June 1943

75 Years Ago—June 29, 1943: US national insignia for aircraft changed to “stars and bars,” with a red border around bar. Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mystici Corporis Christi about the church as the mystical body of Christ. Gen. Dwight Eisenhower asks Coca-Cola to send 3 million bottles and build 10 bottling plants in North… Read more »

Today in World War II History—June 28, 1943

Avro Lancaster bombers of RAF No.44 Squadron, 1942 (Imperial War Museum: TR 197)

75 Years Ago—June 28, 1943: Royal Air Force bombs Cologne, Germany, heavily damaging the cathedral and ending the Battle of the Ruhr—total of 872 British bombers lost.

Today in World War II History—June 27, 1943

Flag used by the Free French in WWII, with the Cross of Lorraine, symbol of the French Resistance (public domain via Wikipedia)

75 Years Ago—June 27, 1943: French Resistance attacks Ateliers des Fives locomotive works at Lille. P-38 Lightning fighter plane crashes on Huntington Beach in CA, killing 4 children.

Today in World War II History—June 26, 1943

Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory, 1944 (Imperial War Museum: TR 2625)

75 Years Ago—June 26, 1943: Allied commanders choose Normandy over Pas de Calais for invasion of France in 1944, and appoint Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory to prepare air plans for D-day.

Today in World War II History—June 25, 1943

Bob Hope on USO tour, 1944 (US Army photo)

75 Years Ago—June 25, 1943: Bob Hope begins first major USO tour; he will spend 11 weeks in England, North Africa, and Sicily. Flight nurse school at Bowman Field, Kentucky named Army Air Force School of Air Evacuation.

Today in World War II History—June 24, 1943

Subhash Chandra Bose and Hideki Tojo, Tokyo, Japan, 10 Jun 1943 (public domain via WW2 Database)

75 Years Ago—June 24, 1943: US Lt. Col. W.R. Lovelace makes record parachute jump from 42,200 feet. From Japan, Subhash Chandra Bose, leader of Indian National Army, implores Indians to turn against British. Movie premiere of Stage Door Canteen, with an all-star cast.

Today in World War II History—June 23, 1943

GIs hand-carry paintings in Neuschwanstein Castle under the supervision of Captain James Rorimer. (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—June 23, 1943: Nazis liquidate all Jewish ghettos in Galicia region of Poland and deport 400,000 to concentration camps. President Roosevelt establishes American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historic Monuments in War Areas (“Monuments Men”) or The Roberts Commission. Coal strike in Appalachia is settled; President Roosevelt warns if… Read more »

Today in World War II History—June 22, 1943

75 Years Ago—June 22, 1943: In Detroit race riot, 24 blacks and 10 whites are killed, 600 wounded (75% of the wounded are black); governor requests federal troops. Movie premiere of So Proudly We Hail, about nurses on Bataan, starring Claudette Colbert, Paulette Goddard, and Veronica Lake.