75 Years Ago—July 1, 1943: Congress changes WAAC (Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps) to WAC (Women’s Army Corps) effective 9/30/43. Congress creates US Cadet Nurse Corps, which provides a free nursing education in exchange for military service. First All-American Girls Professional Baseball League All-Star Game is played. First night game played at Wrigley Field in Chicago,… Read more »
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—June 30, 1943: US Sixth Army, in its first operation, lands main force on unoccupied Kiriwina and Woodlark in Trobriand Islands (Southwest Pacific). US Army and Marines land on Rendova in the Solomons. Depression-Era Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and Works Progress Administration (WPA) are officially disbanded.
75 Years Ago—June 29, 1943: US national insignia for aircraft changed to “stars and bars,” with a red border around bar. Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mystici Corporis Christi about the church as the mystical body of Christ. Gen. Dwight Eisenhower asks Coca-Cola to send 3 million bottles and build 10 bottling plants in North… Read more »
75 Years Ago—June 28, 1943: Royal Air Force bombs Cologne, Germany, heavily damaging the cathedral and ending the Battle of the Ruhr—total of 872 British bombers lost.
75 Years Ago—June 27, 1943: French Resistance attacks Ateliers des Fives locomotive works at Lille. P-38 Lightning fighter plane crashes on Huntington Beach in CA, killing 4 children.
75 Years Ago—June 26, 1943: Allied commanders choose Normandy over Pas de Calais for invasion of France in 1944, and appoint Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory to prepare air plans for D-day.
75 Years Ago—June 25, 1943: Bob Hope begins first major USO tour; he will spend 11 weeks in England, North Africa, and Sicily. Flight nurse school at Bowman Field, Kentucky named Army Air Force School of Air Evacuation.
75 Years Ago—June 24, 1943: US Lt. Col. W.R. Lovelace makes record parachute jump from 42,200 feet. From Japan, Subhash Chandra Bose, leader of Indian National Army, implores Indians to turn against British. Movie premiere of Stage Door Canteen, with an all-star cast.
75 Years Ago—June 23, 1943: Nazis liquidate all Jewish ghettos in Galicia region of Poland and deport 400,000 to concentration camps. President Roosevelt establishes American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historic Monuments in War Areas (“Monuments Men”) or The Roberts Commission. Coal strike in Appalachia is settled; President Roosevelt warns if… Read more »
75 Years Ago—June 22, 1943: In Detroit race riot, 24 blacks and 10 whites are killed, 600 wounded (75% of the wounded are black); governor requests federal troops. Movie premiere of So Proudly We Hail, about nurses on Bataan, starring Claudette Colbert, Paulette Goddard, and Veronica Lake.