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Posts Categorized: Today WWII History

Today in World War II History—Sept. 26, 1943

Wreckage in the dock area of Naples, Italy, caused by the Germans before they left the city, 1943 (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 26, 1943: As the Allies advance north in Italy, an anti-Fascist uprising begins in Naples; 300 civilians will be killed in the next week.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 25, 1943

Bette Davis & John Garfield, founders of the Hollywood Canteen, 1942 (public domain via Wikipedia)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 25, 1943: Soviets take Smolensk and Roslavl, Russia. Movie premiere of musical Thank Your Lucky Stars; the all-star cast donates their salaries to the Hollywood Canteen.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 23, 1943

Möhne Dam in Germany after the RAF Dambuster Raid, 18 May 1943 (British Government photo)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 23, 1943: Germans finish repairs to Möhne Dam in Ruhr, breached in RAF Dambusters raid in May. In Allied convoy ON-202 off Greenland, German U-boats sink 5 ships; in this convoy, 12 ships have been sunk by the German’s new T-5 acoustic torpedoes.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 22, 1943

Pvt. Paul Oglesby of US 30th Infantry Regiment in a damaged Catholic Church at Acerno, Italy, 23 September 1943 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 22, 1943: Mussolini proclaims Repubblica Sociale Italiana, based in German-occupied northern Italy. In Italy, US Fifth Army takes Acerno and Oliveto. At Alta Fjord in Norway, British midget subs damage German battleship Tirpitz with mines; it will be out of commission until April 1944.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 21, 1943

US Army infantrymen fighting in the jungles of Vella Lavella, Solomon Islands, 13 September 1943 (US Army Signal Corps photo)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 21, 1943: US secures Baanga, Arundel, and Wana Wana in the Solomon Islands. Soviets cross Dnieper River south of Kiev, Ukraine.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 20, 1943

Soldiers from the 2/6th Independent Company display Japanese flags they captured during the battle of Kaiapit, 22 September 1943 (Australian War Memorial 057510)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 20, 1943: Australian 2/6th Independent Company defeats larger Japanese force at Kaiapit, New Guinea, opening up the Ramu Valley and sites for airstrips. At Auletta, Italy, US Fifth Army meets British Eighth Army advancing from south. New Zealanders secure Vella Lavella in the Solomon Islands. US War Department puts all coastal observation… Read more »

Today in World War II History—Sept. 19, 1943

US soldiers in makeshift Fifth Army office in ancient Temple of Neptune in Paestum, Italy, 22 September 1943 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 19, 1943: In Italy, Allies secure Salerno plain. Australians open offensive in Ramu Valley, New Guinea and take Kaiapit, but the Japanese counterattack in force. Decca Records signs deal with the striking musicians’ union and becomes the first studio to record in a year.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 18, 1943

Map of the Gilbert and Marshall Islands, Central Pacific (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 18, 1943: US opens Central Pacific offensive as US Seventh Air Force B-24 bombers and Navy Task Force 15 carrier aircraft begin bombing Tarawa, Makin, and Apemama in the Gilbert Islands. Premiere of weekly radio show I Sustain the Wings on CBS with Capt. Glenn Miller and the Army Air Force Band.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 17, 1943

US medical air evacuation from Italy to North Africa, 1943 (US Army Medical Department photo)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 17, 1943: Germans begin retreat from Salerno plain in Italy. US 802nd Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron begins air evacuation from Salerno, Italy. Soviets take Bryansk, Russia.