75 Years Ago—Dec. 29, 1942: German army begins retreat from the Caucasus region. Japanese begin withdrawal from Buna area, New Guinea.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Dec. 28, 1942: French Somaliland switches allegiance from Vichy to Free French. Nazi doctors at Birkenau concentration camp begin sterilization experiments on female prisoners.
75 Years Ago—Dec. 27, 1942: Anti-Stalin Soviet POWs form Smolensk Committee to persuade Soviets to fight for the Germans; 50,000 will do so in Russian Liberation Army under Gen. Andrei Vlasov. Gen. Henri Giraud replaces assassinated Adm. François Darlan as high commissioner of French North & West Africa. NFL Champions Washington Redskins defeated by All-Star… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Dec. 26, 1942: Fernand Bonnier de la Chapelle, who assassinated Adm. François Darlan, the French commander in North Africa, is executed. New song in Top Ten: “There’s a Star-Spangled Banner Flying Somewhere.”
75 Years Ago—Dec. 25, 1942: In Tunisia, Germans retake Longstop Hill; Americans lose 500 men in the four-day battle. Britain allows ringing of church bells for Christmas. First American Red Cross service club opens in New Guinea, in a grass hut in Port Moresby.
75 Years Ago—Dec. 24, 1942: Soviets take one of the two airfields used in Luftwaffe airlift to German troops in besieged Stalingrad. In Algiers, Algeria, Adm. François Darlan, Free French commander in North Africa, is assassinated by Fernand Bonnier de la Chapelle, a French royalist who opposed Darlan as a former German collaborationist.
75 Years Ago—Dec. 23, 1942: US First War Loan Drive ends, raised $13 billion (quota was $9 billion).
75 Years Ago—Dec. 22, 1942: British & US troops launch assault on Longstop Hill, Tunisia. US Seventh Air Force sends 24 B-24s to bomb Wake Island, the first air attack in the Central Pacific, a 4300-mile mission. US Congress authorizes relative rank for Army and Navy Nurse Corps; pay same as for male officers without… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Dec. 21, 1942: German forces under Gen. Erich von Manstein come within 30 miles of Stalingrad, but Hitler refuses to allow Sixth Army to break out of the besieged city to meet them.
75 Years Ago—Dec. 20, 1942: US Eighth Air Force sends 101 B-17 & B-24 bombers to hit Romilly-sur-Seine air depot outside Paris; 6 B-17s lost. Off Tokyo, Japanese freighter Mutsuki Maru becomes the first ship sunk by US mines in home waters; the mines were laid by sub USS Trigger earlier that day.