75 Years Ago—Jan. 20, 1943: First US destroyer escort, the USS Brennan (DE-13), is commissioned at Mare Island Navy Yard, CA. Journal of the American Medical Association reports new painless childbirth technique using continuous caudal anesthesia.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Jan. 19, 1943: US launches final offensive on Guadalcanal. In Libya, British Eighth Army under Montgomery flanks Germans near Tripoli, forcing Rommel to retreat.
75 Years Ago—Jan. 18, 1943: Soviets open corridor to supply Leningrad, which remains open throughout the war. First Warsaw uprising: Nazis attempt to deport Jews from ghetto, but are met with gunfire. US bans the sale of sliced bread to conserve metal parts in bakery equipment (Read more: Make It Do—Metal Shortages in World War… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Jan. 17, 1943: US Naval Base and Naval Air Station, Brisbane, Australia is established. First intercontinental medical air evacuation and the first time a nurse participates in air evacuation—Lt. Elsie Ott, who had not been trained in air evacuation and had never flown in a plane, cares for patients on a week-long journey… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Jan. 16, 1943: In Libya, British Eighth Army links with Free French under Gen. Jean Leclerc, who had marched 30 days across the Sahara from Lake Chad. RAF bombs Berlin for first time since November 1941, with the first use of target indicator flares to mark the target for bombers farther back in… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Jan. 15, 1943: British Eighth Army under Montgomery begins offensive at Buerat, Libya against Germans. In the Solomons, US Navy, Marine Corps, and Thirteenth Air Force aircraft attack Japanese destroyers and shoot down 38 Japanese aircraft.
75 Years Ago—Jan. 14, 1943: Casablanca Conference begins: Roosevelt and Churchill meet in media secrecy to plan the course of the war. Australians clear Sanananda Trail junction, New Guinea. Adm. Erich Raeder resigns from command of German navy, effective January 30.
75 Years Ago—Jan. 13, 1943: Students at the University of Munich riot after a Nazi speaker blames the German army’s dire situation in Stalingrad on student malingerers. US Thirteenth Air Force established in the South Pacific under Brig. Gen. Nathan Twining, based in Nouméa, New Caledonia. In “Sleepy Lagoon” case in Los Angeles, 17 Mexican-Americans… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Jan. 12, 1943: Germans withdraw from the Caucasus region of Russia. US Army lands unopposed on Amchitka in the Aleutians. Movie premiere of Hitchcock’s Shadow of a Doubt, starring Teresa Wright and Joseph Cotten.
75 Years Ago—Jan. 11, 1943: US, Britain, and China sign treaty giving up US and British extraterritorial rights in China. US Twelfth Air Force begins anti-shipping patrols in Sicilian straits. President Franklin D. Roosevelt departs from Miami for the Casablanca Conference, the first US president to fly in an airplane while in office, also the… Read more »