75 Years Ago—Oct. 17, 1942: Luftwaffe abandons daylight raids against Malta. Germans take Tractor Factory in Stalingrad. Abel’s Field opens at Fasari, New Guinea, named after missionary Cecil Abel who constructed the airfield with native help. New song in Top Ten: “White Christmas.”
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Oct. 16, 1942: Cyclone kills 40,000 in Bengal, leading to serious famine in 1943. Sub USS Thresher mines approaches to Bangkok, Thailand in first US Navy submarine mine plant of WWII. Aaron Copland ballet Rodeo premieres in New York City.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 15, 1942: Japanese execute three American airmen captured after Doolittle raid. US 92nd Infantry Division (“Buffalo Soldiers”) reactivated at Fort Huachuca AZ, composed of African-American troops. US begins rationing of fuel oil for heating in the East and Midwest.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 14, 1942: Hitler orders halt in east except in Stalingrad and the Caucasus to prepare for winter defense. Australians and Japanese battle for Templeton’s Crossing on Kokoda Trail, New Guinea. Off Newfoundland, German sub U-69 sinks British railway ferry SS Caribou; 136 killed, mostly civilians, including Naval Nursing Sister Agnes Wilkie, the… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Oct. 13, 1942: First US Army troops land on Guadalcanal, the 164th Infantry Regiment, joining the US Marines. Japanese naval shelling makes Henderson Field inoperable on Guadalcanal. First flight of the North American Mustang X with a Rolls-Royce Merlin engine, in Hucknall, England; the engine transforms the Mustang into a high-altitude, long-distance fighter.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 12, 1942: Restrictions lifted against Italian nationals living as long-term residents in US—no longer classified as enemy aliens, able to travel freely and to own cameras and guns, and not required to carry ID cards.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 11, 1942: The Battle of Cape Esperance begins off Guadalcanal: US ships will sink a Japanese heavy cruiser and three destroyers.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 10, 1942: Rear Adm. Kent Hewitt appointed commander of Western Naval Task Force for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa. Bing Crosby’s recording of “White Christmas” is released.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 9, 1942: US Eighth Air Force bombs Lille, France in its first mission with B-24 Liberators, first mission with over 100 bombers, and the first mission for the 306th Bomb Group. On Guadalcanal, Marines cross Matanikau River, pushing Japanese out of artillery range of Henderson Field. First WAVES enlisted schools open at… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Oct. 8, 1942: Off Cape Town, South Africa, German U-boats sink seven Allied cargo ships. Nazis order all Belgian males 18-50 and females 21-35 to register for war work. US orders closure of 250 of 300 gold mines to divert labor to war uses. Movie premiere of Flying Tigers, starring John Wayne, John… Read more »