80 Years Ago—April 20, 1940: Hitler authorizes formation of Norwegian-Danish “Viking” SS regiment.
75 Years Ago—Apr. 20, 1945: US Seventh Army takes Nuremberg and raises American flag in the Zeppelinfeld, the famous Nazi stadium.
As Soviet artillery begins to bombard Berlin and Nazi leaders flee, Hitler—on his final birthday—divides command, with himself over the eastern front and defense of Berlin, Adm. Karl Dönitz over the western front, to be based at Flensburg, and Field Marshal Albert Kesselring over the southern front, to be based at Berchtesgaden.
Hermann Göring destroys his lavish Karinhall home, transporting art to Berchtesgaden and Unterstein.