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Today in World War II History—Aug. 1, 1943

US B-24D Liberator The Sandman over the burning Astra Romania oil refinery in Ploesti, Romania, Aug 1 1943 (US National Archives)

US B-24D Liberator The Sandman over the burning Astra Romania oil refinery in Ploesti, Romania, Aug 1 1943 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Aug. 1, 1943: US Ninth Air Force flies disastrous low-altitude bombing raid on Nazi oil refineries in Ploesti, Romania: 52 of 179 B-24 bombers are lost, 5 Congressional Medals of Honor are earned.