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Today in World War II History—February 19, 1940 & 1945

Men of USMC 5th Division advancing through the volcanic ash hills of Red Beach No. 1 at Iwo Jima, 19 Feb 1945 (US Naval History and Heritage Command)

Men of USMC 5th Division advancing through the volcanic ash hills of Red Beach No. 1 at Iwo Jima, 19 Feb 1945 (US Naval History and Heritage Command)

80 Years Ago—February 19, 1940: José Estigarribia, President of Paraguay, suspends the constitution, dissolves the legislature, and enacts authoritarian rule.

Landing craft underway off Iwo Jima's eastern shore during the initial day of landings, 19 Feb 1945 (Photographer: Howard Whalen; US Naval History and Heritage Command: NH 104322-KN)

Landing craft underway off Iwo Jima’s eastern shore during the initial day of landings, 19 Feb 1945 (Photographer: Howard Whalen; US Naval History and Heritage Command: NH 104322-KN)

75 Years Ago—Feb. 19, 1945: US Marines invade Iwo Jima and establish a beachhead despite heavy casualties.