80 Years Ago—January 31, 1940: US sends out the first monthly Social Security check, for $22.54 to a retired Vermont legal secretary Ida May Fuller.
75 Years Ago—Jan. 31, 1945: Germans in France and Belgium are pushed back to positions held before the Battle of the Bulge.
Pvt. Eddie Slovik is executed in France, the first US soldier executed for desertion since the Civil War.
US 11th Airborne Division makes an amphibious landing at Nasugbu Bay south of Manila on Luzon.