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Today in World War II History—July 12, 1940 & 1945

British poster in “Pots and Pans into Planes” scrap collection campaign, WWII

British poster in “Pots and Pans into Planes” scrap collection campaign, WWII

80 Years Ago—July 12, 1940: Britain launches “Pots and Pans into Planes” campaign to collect aluminum for military use.

Head of State Marshal Philippe Pétain appoints Pierre Laval as vice president of Vichy France.

75 Years Ago—July 12, 1945: On Mindanao in the Philippines, US Eighth Army lands at Sarangani Bay to crush final resistance.