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Today in World War II History—July 19, 1941

Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Downing Street, London, 5 Jun 1943 (Imperial War Museum: HU 55521)

Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Downing Street, London, 5 Jun 1943 (Imperial War Museum: HU 55521)

80 Years Ago—July 19, 1941: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gives a speech about BBC’s “V for Victory” campaign promoting resistance in Nazi-occupied Europe (Beethoven’s Fifth (V) Symphony as theme music—opening chords sound like dot-dot-dot-dash, the Morse code for the letter V); after this, Churchill begins flashing the V for Victory.

Capt. Benjamin O. Davis Jr. and twelve Black aviation cadets begin flight training at Tuskegee Institute, AL, under white officers; Davis serves as commandant of cadets—he has an officer’s commission from previous Army service.