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Today in World War II History—July 20, 1940 & 1945

Messerschmitt Me 110 night-fighter (Nachtjagdgeschwader 4), 1943 (German Federal Archive: Bild 101I-377-2801-013)

Messerschmitt Me 110 night-fighter (Nachtjagdgeschwader 4), 1943 (German Federal Archive: Bild 101I-377-2801-013)

80 Years Ago—July 20, 1940: Luftwaffe night-fighters (Me 110s) first shoot down a British plane.

New Hebrides becomes the first French territory to ally with the Free French rather than Vichy.

Billboard first publishes Music Popularity Chart—“I’ll Never Smile Again” is at the top, Frank Sinatra’s first hit.

75 Years Ago—July 20, 1945: US Congress ratifies Bretton Woods Monetary Agreement.

US Eighth Army lands on and takes Balut Island at entrance to Sarangani Bay, Mindanao in the Philippines, the last US combat amphibious operation of the war.