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Today in World War II History—July 26, 1940 & 1945

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee and King George VI of the United Kingdom, Buckingham Palace, London, England, 26 Jul 1945. (Imperial War Museum: HU 59486)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee and King George VI of the United Kingdom, Buckingham Palace, London, England, 26 Jul 1945. (Imperial War Museum: HU 59486)

80 Years Ago—July 26, 1940: The League of Nations is disbanded.

Due to continuing Japanese pressure on French Indochina, President Roosevelt invokes the Export Control Act to ban export to Japan of aviation fuel and premium grade iron and steel scrap, and places an embargo on export of petroleum products.

Movie premiere of Pride and Prejudice, starring Lawrence Olivier and Greer Garson.

75 Years Ago—July 26, 1945: In the Potsdam Declaration, the Allies give Japan an ultimatum requiring unconditional surrender.

Heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis delivers “Little Boy” atomic bomb to Tinian.

British parliamentary election results are announced with a Labour Party victory; Prime Minister Winston Churchill resigns, replaced by Clement Attlee.

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