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Today in World War II History—July 4, 1942

Cover of Ladies’ Home Journal for the “United We Stand” campaign, 4 July 1942

Cover of Ladies’ Home Journal for the “United We Stand” campaign, 4 July 1942

75 Years Ago—July 4, 1942: British First Sea Lord Dudley Pound orders beleaguered Arctic Convoy PQ-17 to scatter; 22 of 33 merchant ships will be sunk en route to Murmansk, Russia over the next week.

First official US Eighth Air Force operation: 6 US crews flying RAF A-20 Bostons and 6 RAF Bostons bomb four Dutch airfields, but 3 Bostons are lost (2 US, 1 British).

Over 100 magazines show US flag on cover for the “United We Stand” campaign (Read more about the campaign at the Smithsonian Institute).

First American Red Cross Service Club opens in London, the Washington Club.