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Today in World War II History—June 23, 1944

B-17 used as guided missile in Project Aphrodite (US Army Air Force photo)

B-17 used as guided missile in Project Aphrodite (US Army Air Force photo)

75 Years Ago—June 23, 1944: US Eighth Air Force establishes Project Aphrodite, which will attempt to use remote control to guide unmanned, war-weary planes loaded with bombs to targets.

German Field Marshal Albert Kesselring proclaims Florence an open city to protect its history and art.

Nazis give a tour of carefully staged Theresienstadt concentration camp to the International Red Cross and a Danish delegation.