75 Years Ago—Mar. 5, 1943: RAF sends 442 bombers to Essen, Germany, opening the Battle of the Ruhr—43 major raids through June.
Maiden flight of first British jet aircraft, the Gloster Meteor.
In convoy XK-2 off Cape Finisterre, German U-boat U-130 sinks four British freighters with one salvo of four torpedoes.
Auxiliary carrier USS Bogue begins escort of convoy HX-228 in North Atlantic, the first time this class of ship is assigned antisubmarine operations as primary duty.