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Today in World War II History—November 27, 1940 & 1945

Bombs falling astern of HMS Ark Royal during attack by Italian aircraft during the Battle of Cape Spartivento, 27 Nov 1940; photograph taken from cruiser HMS Sheffield (Imperial War Museum: 4700-01 A 2298)

Bombs falling astern of HMS Ark Royal during attack by Italian aircraft during the Battle of Cape Spartivento, 27 Nov 1940; photograph taken from cruiser HMS Sheffield (Imperial War Museum: 4700-01 A 2298)

80 Years Ago—Nov. 27, 1940: Battle of Cape Spartivento: Italian navy engages a British convoy bound for Malta, inflicting minor damage.

In Romania, Fascist Iron Guard executes 64 former officials, including former prime ministers Nicolae Iorga and Gheorghe Argeșanu; riots break out.

75 Years Ago—Nov. 27, 1945: British begin Operation Deadlight, the sinking of 116 captured German U-boats off the Hebrides, continuing through 7 Jan 1946.

The United Nations Charter is now ratified by twenty-nine nations.