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Today in World War II History—Oct. 14, 1943

Map showing US Eighth Air Force mission to Schweinfurt, Germany, 14 October 1943 (Source: US Air Force)

Map showing US Eighth Air Force mission to Schweinfurt, Germany, 14 October 1943 (Source: US Air Force)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 14, 1943: Schweinfurt mission: US Eighth Air Force sends 291 B-17s (plus 29 B-24s flying a diversion) to bomb ball-bearings plant at Schweinfurt, Germany, 60 B-17s lost; heavy losses lead to temporary suspension of daytime bombing without fighter escort.

Luftwaffe Oberleutnant Walter Nowotny becomes the first fighter pilot in the world with 250 victories.

Prisoners at Sobibor concentration camp destroy extermination facilities; 350 escape, 100 are recaptured, about 50 join partisans.