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Today in World War II History—Oct. 31, 1940 & 1945

Panoramic view of the Topaz War Relocation Center in Utah, taken from the water tower, 14 March 1943 (US National Archives: 536975)

Panoramic view of the Topaz War Relocation Center in Utah, taken from the water tower, 14 March 1943 (US National Archives: 536975)

80 Years Ago—Oct. 31, 1940: Official end of Battle of Britain, although air raids continue. Losses so far—RAF: 828 aircraft & 1007 men; Luftwaffe: 1733 aircraft & 3893 men; British civilians: 40,000.

Antibiotic sulfaguanidine is introduced as a cure for bacterial dysentery.

75 Years Ago—Oct. 31, 1945: Relocation center for Japanese-Americans at Topaz, UT closes.