80 Years Ago—October 30, 1939: German U boat U-56 fails in attack on battleship HMS Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound, and Charles Forbes aboard.
Switzerland begins rationing sugar, pasta, rice, wheat, butter, and oil.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 30, 1944: In the Vosges mountains in France, US 442nd Infantry Regiment (Nisei—Japanese-Americans) rescues the Lost Battalion with heavy losses (184 killed).
Aaron Copland/Martha Graham ballet Appalachian Spring premieres, performed in the Library of Congress.