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Today in
World War II History

Today in World War II History—Oct. 2, 1942

British troopship HMT Queen Mary returning US troops from Europe, New York, NY, 20 June 1945 (US National Archives)

British troopship HMT Queen Mary returning US troops from Europe, New York, NY, 20 June 1945 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 2, 1942: Off Northern Ireland, troopship HMT Queen Mary (carrying US 29th Infantry Division to Britain) collides with light cruiser HMS Curacoa, cutting it in half (337/364 killed).

US Marines occupy Funafuti in the Ellice Islands in the Pacific to build an airfield.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 1, 1942

The Poky Little Puppy75 Years Ago—Oct. 1, 1942: Off Shanghai, sub USS Grouper sinks Japanese troop transport Lisbon Maru, killing 850/1816 British & Canadian POWs.

Maiden flight of Bell Airacomet XP-59A at Muroc, the first US jet to fly.

Golden Books first sold (25 cents each): twelve original titles include Scuffy the Tugboat and The Poky Little Puppy.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 30, 1942

Erwin Rommel and Hans-Joachim Marseille, Libya, 16 Sep 1942 (public domain via WW2 Database)

Erwin Rommel and Hans-Joachim Marseille, Libya, 16 Sep 1942 (public domain via WW2 Database)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 30, 1942: Luftwaffe ace Hans-Joachim Marseille (151 victories) is killed when bailing from Me 109 fighter plane over Egypt.

US begins rationing men’s rubber boots and work shoes.

Canada begins draft for men 19 and older (men 21-24 already subject to draft).

Today in World War II History—Sept. 29, 1942

“Democracy in Action!” by Charles Alston, commemorating launch of SS Booker T. Washington, 1942 (US National Archives)

“Democracy in Action!” by Charles Alston, commemorating launch of SS Booker T. Washington, 1942 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 29, 1942: RAF Eagle Squadrons (American volunteers) are officially converted into the US 4th Fighter Group of the Eighth Air Force, flying Spitfires; the group will soon fly P-47s, then P-51s.

Seaplane from Japanese submarine I-25 drops incendiary bombs in southern coastal Oregon, in an unsuccessful attempt to start forest fires, the second and last bombing of the US in WWII.

Liberty ship Booker T. Washington is launched at Wilmington, DE, the first US merchant ship named after an African-American and the first commanded by a black captain (Hugh Mulzac); the crew was integrated.

Spitfire MK V of US 4th Fighter Group, 1942; note USAAF insignia overlying the RAF roundel (US Army Air Force photo)

Spitfire MK V of US 4th Fighter Group, 1942; note USAAF insignia overlying the RAF roundel (US Army Air Force photo)

Today in World War II History—Sept. 28, 1942

Australian soldier examines Japanese artillery shells abandoned at Ioribaiwa, New Guinea, Sept. 1942 (Australian War Memorial)

Australian soldier examines Japanese artillery shells abandoned at Ioribaiwa, New Guinea, Sept. 1942 (Australian War Memorial)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 28, 1942: Australians take Ioribaiwa in drive back up Kokoda Trail on New Guinea.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 27, 1942

Glenn Miller, Billboard Magazine, 16 May 1942 (public domain)

Glenn Miller, Billboard Magazine, 16 May 1942 (public domain)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 27, 1942: US Liberty ship Stephen Hopkins sinks German auxiliary cruiser Stier off South Africa, but sinks too; 15 US survivors make 31-day lifeboat trip to Brazil; the only US ship to sink a German surface warship in WWII.

Glenn Miller and his orchestra perform together for the last time before Miller enters the US Army Air Force, at Central Theater, Passaic, NJ.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 26, 1942

US poster, WWII75 Years Ago—Sept. 26, 1942: US War Labor Board issues directive for women to have equal pay for equal work (not implemented until April ‘43).

Auxiliary carrier USS Bogue is commissioned, Tacoma, WA.

New song in Top Ten: “Serenade in Blue.”

Auxiliary carrier USS Bogue (ACV-9) underway near Norfolk, VA, 20 June 1943 (US Navy photo)

Auxiliary carrier USS Bogue (ACV-9) underway near Norfolk, VA, 20 June 1943 (US Navy photo)

Today in World War II History—Sept. 25, 1942

Girls from Roosevelt High School in Los Angeles, CA, train in marksmanship with the High School Victory Corps, 1942 (US National Archives)

Girls from Roosevelt High School in Los Angeles, CA, train in marksmanship with the High School Victory Corps, 1942 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 25, 1942: Australians launch offensive toward Ioribaiwa on Kokoda Trail, New Guinea.

In first joint US-Canadian mission, US Eleventh Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force bomb Kiska and Little Kiska.

Camp Pendleton is officially established in California, the main Marine Corps facility on West Coast.

US establishes High School Victory Corps for wartime training and service.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 24, 1942

Gen. Franz Halder, 1938 (German Federal Archive: Bild 146-1970-052-08)

Gen. Franz Halder, 1938 (German Federal Archive: Bild 146-1970-052-08)

75 Years Ago—Sept. 24, 1942: Over Stalingrad, Soviet pilot Olga Yamschchikova becomes the first female pilot to shoot down an enemy aircraft.

Hitler dismisses Gen. Franz Halder, Chief of Army General Staff, for criticizing policy, replaced by Gen. Kurt Zeitzler.

Today in World War II History—Sept. 23, 1942

US poster honoring Jimmy Doolittle, WWII

US poster honoring Jimmy Doolittle, WWII

75 Years Ago—Sept. 23, 1942: Brig. Gen. James Doolittle is named the new commander of the US Twelfth Air Force, which will go to North Africa.

US Marines launch offensive on Lunga perimeter on Guadalcanal to drive Japanese out of range of Henderson Field.

Until Leaves Fall In Paris
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