80 Years Ago—Oct. 31, 1941: Destroyer USS Reuben James is sunk by German U-boat U-552 in Convoy HX-156 off Iceland—the first US warship lost during WWII; 115 killed. Mount Rushmore is completed after 14 years of work. Britain warns that putting out carved Halloween turnips will result in blackout fines.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
80 Years Ago—Oct. 30, 1941: German siege of Sevastopol begins. USO Camp Shows are established to bring shows to stateside military camps and eventually overseas. Charles Lindbergh holds isolationist America First rally for 20,000 at Madison Square Gardens. Col. David N.W. Grant is designated the first US Air Surgeon.
80 Years Ago—Oct. 29, 1941: Churchill speaks to his old school of Harrow: “Never give in, never give in, never, never, never—in nothing, great or small, large or petty—never give in except to convictions of honour and good sense…We have only to persevere to conquer.”
80 Years Ago—Oct. 28, 1941: US Office of Lend-Lease Administration is established under Edward Stettinius. Movie premiere of How Green Was My Valley, starring Walter Pidgeon & Maureen O’Hara.
80 Years Ago—Oct. 27, 1941: On Navy Day, President Roosevelt asks Congress to allow the arming of US merchant ships (after USS Kearny torpedoed by U-boat 10/17). German 11th Army breaks through the Perekop Isthmus into the Crimean peninsula.
80 Years Ago—Oct. 26, 1941: At besieged Tobruk, Libya, Australian troops are relieved by British and Polish troops. Children’s book Curious George is published, written by Margret & H.A. Rey, a Jewish couple who fled Paris in June 1940 on bicycles with the manuscript.
80 Years Ago—Oct. 25, 1941: US State Department condemns Nazi practice of killing innocent civilians in reprisal for partisan activities.
80 Years Ago—Oct. 24, 1941: Germans take Kharkov, Ukraine and Belgorod, Russia.
80 Years Ago—Oct. 23, 1941: French Gen. Charles de Gaulle asks French resistance to stop assassinating Nazis, to prevent further reprisals. Nazis massacre 24,000 Jews in Odessa in reprisal for the death of Gen. Glugoscianu the day before. Movie premiere of Disney’s Dumbo.
80 Years Ago—Oct. 22, 1941: In reprisal for resistance assassinations of two German officials in France, the Nazis execute 98 hostages, including 17-year-old Guy Môquet, who becomes a martyr. In Odessa, a time bomb left by Soviets kills 67, including Gen. Glugoscianu, the Romanian (allied with Germans) commander of Odessa.