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Posts Categorized: Today WWII History

Today in World War II History—October 31, 1941

Destroyer USS Reuben James (DD-245) on the Hudson River, New York, 29 April 1939 (US Navy photo: NH 66334)

80 Years Ago—Oct. 31, 1941: Destroyer USS Reuben James is sunk by German U-boat U-552 in Convoy HX-156 off Iceland—the first US warship lost during WWII; 115 killed. Mount Rushmore is completed after 14 years of work. Britain warns that putting out carved Halloween turnips will result in blackout fines.

Today in World War II History—October 30, 1941

Poster for the USO, WWII

80 Years Ago—Oct. 30, 1941: German siege of Sevastopol begins. USO Camp Shows are established to bring shows to stateside military camps and eventually overseas. Charles Lindbergh holds isolationist America First rally for 20,000 at Madison Square Gardens. Col. David N.W. Grant is designated the first US Air Surgeon.

Today in World War II History—October 29, 1941

Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Downing Street, London, 5 Jun 1943 (Imperial War Museum: HU 55521)

80 Years Ago—Oct. 29, 1941: Churchill speaks to his old school of Harrow: “Never give in, never give in, never, never, never—in nothing, great or small, large or petty—never give in except to convictions of honour and good sense…We have only to persevere to conquer.”

Today in World War II History—October 28, 1941

Twentieth-Century Fox movie poster for How Green Was My Valley, 1941 (public domain via Wikipedia)

80 Years Ago—Oct. 28, 1941: US Office of Lend-Lease Administration is established under Edward Stettinius. Movie premiere of How Green Was My Valley, starring Walter Pidgeon & Maureen O’Hara.

Today in World War II History—October 27, 1941

US Navy Day poster, 1941 (Bureau of Naval Personnel)

80 Years Ago—Oct. 27, 1941: On Navy Day, President Roosevelt asks Congress to allow the arming of US merchant ships (after USS Kearny torpedoed by U-boat 10/17). German 11th Army breaks through the Perekop Isthmus into the Crimean peninsula.

Today in World War II History—October 26, 1941

First edition cover of Curious George, 1941

80 Years Ago—Oct. 26, 1941: At besieged Tobruk, Libya, Australian troops are relieved by British and Polish troops. Children’s book Curious George is published, written by Margret & H.A. Rey, a Jewish couple who fled Paris in June 1940 on bicycles with the manuscript.

Today in World War II History—October 23, 1941

Gen. Charles de Gaulle of France, 1942 (Library of Congress)

80 Years Ago—Oct. 23, 1941: French Gen. Charles de Gaulle asks French resistance to stop assassinating Nazis, to prevent further reprisals. Nazis massacre 24,000 Jews in Odessa in reprisal for the death of Gen. Glugoscianu the day before. Movie premiere of Disney’s Dumbo.

Today in World War II History—October 22, 1941

Notice of execution of French hostages by the Nazis on 22 October 1941 from 23 Oct issue of L'Œuvre (photo of exhibit in Exposition Métro via Wikimedia Creative Commons, image Expometro GM 2485.JPG)

80 Years Ago—Oct. 22, 1941: In reprisal for resistance assassinations of two German officials in France, the Nazis execute 98 hostages, including 17-year-old Guy Môquet, who becomes a martyr. In Odessa, a time bomb left by Soviets kills 67, including Gen. Glugoscianu, the Romanian (allied with Germans) commander of Odessa.