80 Years Ago—Aug. 1, 1940: Duke of Windsor (former King Edward VIII) sails from Portugal to Bahamas, foiling a German kidnapping attempt.
75 Years Ago—Aug. 1, 1945: Biggest air raid ever over Japan—836 US B-29 Superfortresses are dispatched at night.
In US, penicillin is made available by prescription to civilians as tablets, ointment, and eye drops.