80 Years Ago—Aug. 19, 1940: Italians occupy Berbera, capital of British Somaliland, and Mussolini annexes British Somaliland to Italian Empire, the only Italian victory achieved in WWII without German assistance.
US Civil Aeronautics Administration issues the first pilot’s license, an honorary one to Orville Wright, born on this date in 1871.
Maiden flight of production North American B-25 Mitchell medium bomber.
75 Years Ago—Aug. 19, 1945: Japanese soldiers are told that surrendering under cease-fire doesn’t break the Bushido code.
Chiang Kai-shek forbids Japanese to surrender to Communist Chinese; they must surrender to the Nationalists.
US troops enter Shanghai to prevent a communist takeover.