Today in World War II History—March 12, 1942
80 Years Ago—Mar. 12, 1942: Adm. Ernest King is named US Chief of Naval Operations, in addition to previous role as Commander in Chief, US fleet.
Due to the high losses to German U-boats, US Navy orders merchant ships to sail between New York and Cape Hatteras only during the day, and to put into the Chesapeake or the Delaware at night.
Italian opera star Ezio Pinza is detained on Ellis Island as an enemy alien.