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Today in World War II History—July 19, 1944

Japanese-American troops of 100th Infantry Battalion of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team resting in Livorno, Italy, 19 July 1944. (Hawaii War Records Depository)

Japanese-American troops of 100th Infantry Battalion of US 442nd Regimental Combat Team resting in Livorno, Italy, 19 July 1944. (Hawaii War Records Depository)

75 Years Ago—July 19, 1944: Democratic convention opens in Chicago; President Roosevelt will be nominated for an unprecedented fourth term on July 20, Sen. Harry Truman will be nominated for vice president.

US Fifth Army takes crucial port of Leghorn (Livorno), Italy with little opposition, but Germans have destroyed the harbor.