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Posts Categorized: Today WWII History

Today in World War II History—August 25, 1944

French 2nd Armored Division parading through the Arc de Triomphe, Paris, France, 26 Aug 1944 (US Library of Congress)

75 Years Ago—August 25, 1944: Free French troops liberate Paris; Tricolor flown from Eiffel Tower and Arc de Triomphe. US XVIII Airborne Corps activated over 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions under Maj. Gen. Matthew Ridgway; Maj. Gen. James Gavin replaces Ridgway over 82nd Airborne, the youngest American general to command a division in the war… Read more »

Today in World War II History—August 24, 1944

Corporal Charles H. Johnson of the 783rd Military Police Battalion waves on a “Red Ball Express” motor convoy near Alenon, France, 5 September 1944 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—August 24, 1944: US Army’s “Red Ball Express” completes first truck shipment of supplies across France. US Third Army crosses the Seine south of Paris. In southern France, US Seventh Army takes Avignon and Cannes.

Today in World War II History—August 23, 1944

King Michael I of Romania, 1947 (public domain via Wikipedia)

75 Years Ago—August 23, 1944: Romanians overthrow pro-German Prime Minister Marshal Ion Antonescu; King Michael I offers unconditional surrender of Romania to the USSR. Future baseball star Lt. Jackie Robinson is court-martialed for 7/6/44 incident when he refused to give up a bus seat; he will be acquitted.

Today in World War II History—August 22, 1944

French resistance fighter Simone Segouin (nom de guerre Nicole Minet) posing with a MP 40 submachine gun in Paris, 23 Aug 1944 (US Army Signal Corps photo)

75 Years Ago—August 22, 1944: French resistance controls all public buildings in Paris. US flight nurses arrive in southern France and begin air evacuation to Italy.

Today in World War II History—August 21, 1944

French troops near the Notre-Dame de la Garde basilica, Marseille, France, August 1944 (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—August 21, 1944: Dumbarton Oaks Conference begins in Washington, DC for Allies to discuss the establishment of the United Nations. French civilians launch an insurrection in Marseille against the Germans.

Today in World War II History—August 20, 1944

75 Years Ago—August 20, 1944: US secures Biak off New Guinea. Off Newfoundland, aircraft from escort carrier USS Bogue sink German U-boat U-1229, which is on a mission to land German spy Oskar Mantel in Maine; 18 are killed and Mantel is captured.

Today in World War II History—August 19, 1944

Trucks carry German POWs from the Falaise Pocket, August 1944 (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—August 19, 1944: French resistance launches uprising in Paris and seizes Hôtel de Ville (city hall). In France, Canadian troops link with the US Third Army at Chambois, closing the Falaise Gap; 50,000 German prisoners will be taken, but 20-30,000 escape.

Today in World War II History—August 18, 1944

Battle flag of submarine USS Rasher, WWII (US Navy photo)

75 Years Ago—August 18, 1944: Submarine USS Rasher sinks Japanese aircraft carrier Taiyo off Luzon in the Philippines as well as a troop transport, a cargo ship, and an oiler. In southern France, US Task Force Butler under Brig. Gen. Frederic Butler strikes northwest, taking advantage of weak German resistance to make a rapid drive.

Today in World War II History—August 17, 1944

Canadian troops in Falaise, Normandy, 17 August 1944 (public domain via WW2 Database)

75 Years Ago—August 17, 1944: Germans begin retreat from southern France. Germans begin retreat from the Falaise pocket in Normandy; Canadians take Falaise. US Third Army takes St. Malo, Chartres, and Orléans in France. Vichy French government flees for Germany; Marshal Philippe Pétain and his staff will be interned by Hitler, while Prime Minister Pierre… Read more »

Today in World War II History—August 16, 1944

Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet being shot down by a US P-47 Thunderbolt, January 1945 (US Army Air Force)

75 Years Ago—August 16, 1944: US Eighth Air Force suffers first attack by Luftwaffe jet fighters (Messerschmitt Me 163s), has first loss to a jet, and also destroys a German jet for first time. Organized Japanese resistance ends on the Burma-India border.