Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Emperor Hirohito at the US Embassy in Tokyo, Sept. 27, 1945 (US Army photo)
80 Years Ago—Nov. 26, 1940: Luftwaffe bomb narrowly misses the underground Cabinet War Rooms in London.
Britain announces that after Christmas, bananas will no longer be imported.
Adm. Ernest King, Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal, and Adm. Chester Nimitz at the Navy Department, Washington DC, 21 Nov 1945 (US National Archives: 80-G-701553)
75 Years Ago—Nov. 26, 1945: Gen. Douglas MacArthur confirms that Emperor Hirohito of Japan will not be required to abdicate.
Adm. Chester Nimitz is appointed to replace Adm. Ernest King, who is about to retire as US Chief of Naval Operations.
TWA Lockheed Constellation sets west-to-east transatlantic commercial record, flying 2,000 miles in 6 hours, 45 minutes.
Poster for the Martin B-26 Marauder medium bomber, WWII
80 Years Ago—Nov. 25, 1940: Zionist agents place bombs on British liner Patria at Haifa intending to damage the ship and prevent removal of Eastern European Jewish refugees from Palestine to Mauritius—but the ship sinks, killing 213/1771 of the refugees and 50/130 of the crew.
First flights of RAF De Havilland Mosquito bomber and of US Martin B-26 Marauder medium bomber.
Woody Woodpecker debuts with release of Walter Lantz’s “Knock Knock.”
75 Years Ago—Nov. 25, 1945: In elections in Austria, a coalition of Christian Democrats and Social Democrats receives 90% of the vote.
Time Magazine cover featuring Sir James Craig, Lord Craigavon, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, 26 May 1924 (public domain via Wikipedia)
80 Years Ago—Nov. 24, 1940: Slovakia signs Tripartite Pact, joining Axis powers.
Lord Craigavon, James Craig, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland since 1921, dies, age 69.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 24, 1945: New song in Top Ten: “It Might as Well Be Spring.”
Under order of the US Secretary of War, all cyclotrons in Japan are destroyed.
The Light at Wyndcliff by Sarah E. Ladd
When Liam Twethewey arrives at his newly inherited estate at Wyndcliff in Cornwall, things are amiss. The estate is in disrepair, the steward is hostile to his plans to open china clay pits on his property, and the steward’s granddaughter is far too fetching.
Evelyn Bray loves her life at Wyndcliff with her beloved grandfather, even though her mother has abandoned her. When a ship is wrecked off the Twethewey estate – a common occurrence – Evelyn helps rescue the only survivors, a little girl and her mother. Liam is distressed about the shipwreck, the heartless salvage operations, and the rumors that something darker is behind these shipwrecks. As Liam and Evelyn dig into these matters, their attraction – and the danger – increases.
In The Light at Wyndcliff, Sarah E. Ladd brings us again to beautiful Cornwall with the Twethewey family. Rich in atmosphere and romance and intrigue, the writing draws you in deeply for a satisfying read. Liam and Evelyn are both strong and compassionate, characters deserving of each other. I thoroughly enjoyed this novel!
US poster about food rationing, 1943 (US Office of Price Administration)
80 Years Ago—Nov. 23, 1940: Romania signs Tripartite Pact, joining Axis Powers.
In convoy SC-11 off Ireland, German submarine U-100 sinks seven Allied cargo ships.
Adm. William Leahy is appointed US ambassador to Vichy France.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 23, 1945: US ends rationing of meat and butter. (Read more: Meat and Cheese Rationing in World War II and Rationing of Butter, Fats & Oils in World War II)
Bette Davis & John Garfield, founders of the Hollywood Canteen, 1942 (public domain via Wikipedia)
80 Years Ago—Nov. 22, 1940: Luftwaffe’s heaviest raid on Birmingham, England—the 11-hour raid causes 600 fires.
In Delft, the Netherlands, 500 students demonstrate against the Nazis after Jewish professors are dismissed.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 22, 1945: Thanksgiving is celebrated in America; Macy’s parade resumes after being cancelled from 1942-44. [Read more: Thanksgiving in World War II]
Hollywood Canteen closes after having entertained 4 million servicemen; the 3000 volunteers included many movie stars.
War Relocation Authority Center at Manzanar, CA, 3 July 1942 (Photographer: Dorothea Lange; US National Archives: 538128)
80 Years Ago—Nov. 21, 1940: US government announces that Nazi agents are active in eight American cities to conduct sabotage and espionage, spread propaganda, and foment strife.
Thanksgiving is celebrated in America, on the third Thursday in November as per Roosevelt’s 1939 decree, but 16 states celebrate on traditional fourth Thursday, November 28. [Read more: Thanksgiving in World War II]
Lt. Gen. Alexander Patch, Jr., commander of the U.S. Seventh Army in southern France, and his son, Capt. Alexander “Mac” Patch III, shortly before the young officer’s death in October 1944 (US Military Academy)
75 Years Ago—Nov. 21, 1945: In Nuremberg trials, all Nazi defendants plead innocent.
Manzanar Relocation Center for Japanese-Americans closes.
Lt. Gen. Alexander Patch dies of pneumonia at Fort Sam Houston, TX, age 55.
Accused German war criminals in the dock, Nürnberg, Germany, 22 Nov 1945 (US Army Signal Corps)
80 Years Ago—Nov. 20, 1940: Hungary signs Tripartite Pact, joining Axis Powers.
US Panama Canal Air Force is activated under Maj. Gen. Frank Andrews.
Author Ernest Hemingway marries reporter Martha Gellhorn in Cheyenne, WY.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 20, 1945: Nuremberg trials begin for German war criminals; when they end Oct. 1, 1946, twelve men will be sentenced to death, seven will receive prison sentences, and three will be acquitted.
Bomb damage on James Street, Aston Newtown, Birmingham, 1940 (Imperial War Museum: D 4126)
80 Years Ago—Nov. 19, 1940: Luftwaffe bombs Birmingham, spreading the Blitz to industrial targets in the British Midlands.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 19, 1945: Congress votes to withdraw US Marines from China.
Map showing the Greek counteroffensive against the Italians, 13 Nov 1940-7 April 1941 (via Wikimedia Creative Commons)
80 Years Ago—Nov. 18, 1940: Greeks force Italians back into Albania in the first Axis land defeat of the war.
First time a U-boat is located by airborne radar—by an RAF Sunderland flying boat.
António de Oliveira Salazar, 1940 (public domain via Wikipedia)
75 Years Ago—Nov. 18, 1945: Gen. Dwight Eisenhower replaces Gen. George Marshall as US Army Chief of Staff.
Dictator António de Oliveira Salazar is reelected Prime Minister of Portugal.