Baseball card for Boston Red Sox left fielder Ted Williams, 1940 (Wikipedia, public domain)
80 Years Ago—Sept. 28, 1941: Free French declare independence of Syria and Lebanon.
Japanese assault city of Changsha, China, beginning Second Battle of Changsha.
Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox earns .406 batting average for the season; his record still stands.
Liberty ship SS Patrick Henry launching in Baltimore, MD, on Liberty Fleet Day, 27 September 1941 (National Museum of the US Navy: Lot-3452-6)
80 Years Ago—Sept. 27, 1941: Liberty Fleet Day: US launches first 14 Liberty cargo ships, led by SS Patrick Henry in Baltimore, MD.
Germans arrest Alois Eliáš, prime minister of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, for resistance work; he will become the only head of state to be executed by the Nazis.
New song in Top Ten: “I Don’t Want to Set the World on Fire.”
Poster for the US Army Corps of the Military Police, WWII
80 Years Ago—Sept. 26, 1941: Gen. Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Free French, signs an alliance with the USSR.
US Army establishes Military Police Corps (MPs).
Movie premiere of A Yank in the RAF, starring Tyrone Power & Betty Grable.
Lt. (jg) John F. Kennedy, 1942 (John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, public domain)
80 Years Ago—Sept. 25, 1941: Germans parachute into Perekop peninsula and take it, cutting off Crimea from rest of the USSR.
Future president John F. Kennedy enlists in the US Navy.
Movie premiere of You’ll Never Get Rich, starring Fred Astaire & Rita Hayworth.
Poster with Charles De Gaulle’s speech to France on the BBC, 18 Jun 1940 (public domain via National Library of France)
80 Years Ago—Sept. 24, 1941: Fifteen Allied nations (including neutral US) and governments-in-exile agree to follow principles of the Atlantic Charter.
Gen. Charles de Gaulle forms French National Committee in London.
First German U-boats pass Gibraltar and enter the Mediterranean.
In Paris, the daily tobacco ration is reduced to 4 cigarettes for men and none for women.
Battleship USS Massachusetts, Battleship Cove, Fall River MA (Photo: Sarah Sundin, July 2014)
80 Years Ago—Sept. 23, 1941: Germans declare French men who help downed British airmen will be shot; women will be sent to concentration camps.
Battleship USS Massachusetts is launched at Quincy, MA (currently a museum ship at Battleship Cove, Fall River, MA).
King George II of Greece, 1942 (Library of Congress: fsa.8e00859)
80 Years Ago—Sept. 22, 1941: King George II of Greece and the Greek government arrive in London to form a government-in-exile.
Luftwaffe aerial photograph of the damaged Soviet battleship Marat in Kronstadt, leaking oil, 27 September 1941 (Luftwaffe photo, public domain via Wikipedia)
80 Years Ago—Sept. 21, 1941: At Kronstadt, Russia, Luftwaffe Ju 87 Stuka bombers heavily damage Soviet battleship Marat (sunk by Luftwaffe Sept. 23) and sink Soviet destroyer Steregushiy.
Royal Navy Grumman Martlet Mk. II fighter from the aircraft carrier HMS Formidable at Oran, Algeria, December 1942 (US Navy photo: SC 169214)
80 Years Ago—Sept. 20, 1941: Martlet fighter plane from HMS Audacity in convoy OG-74 shoots down a German Fw 200 bomber, the first kill from an escort carrier.
German sentinel in the citadel of Kiev with the burning Dnieper River Bridge in the background, 20 September 1941 (German Federal Archive: Bild 183-L20208)
80 Years Ago—Sept. 19, 1941: Germans take Kiev in the Ukraine and 600,000 Soviet POWs.