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Today in World War II History—July 10, 1941

Sheet music: The ‘Jelly Roll’ Blues, by Ferd Morton, 1914 (public domain via Wikipedia)

Sheet music: The ‘Jelly Roll’ Blues, by Ferd Morton, 1914 (public domain via Wikipedia)

80 Years Ago—July 10, 1941: Finnish Army of Karelia launches an offensive against the Soviets south toward Leningrad.

Early jazz great “Jelly Roll” Morton dies in Los Angeles, age 50.

Today in World War II History—July 9, 1941

German generals Fedor von Bock, Hermann Hoth, and Wolfram von Richthofen, USSR, 8 Jul 1941 (German Federal Archive, Bild 101I-265-0048A-03)

German generals Fedor von Bock, Hermann Hoth, and Wolfram von Richthofen, USSR, 8 Jul 1941 (German Federal Archive, Bild 101I-265-0048A-03)

80 Years Ago—July 9, 1941: British cryptographers crack Enigma code for the Eastern Front.

Germans take Vitebsk, Byelorussia.

Australians take Damour, the final battle in the Lebanon campaign.

Today in World War II History—July 8, 1941

US Army troops arriving in Reykjavik, Iceland, January 1942 (US Army photo)

US Army troops arriving in Reykjavik, Iceland, January 1942 (US Army photo)

80 Years Ago—July 8, 1941: US Marines land in Iceland to relieve British troops in defense of Iceland.

Nazis require Jews in Baltic States to wear yellow stars.

Today in World War II History—July 7, 1941

View from battleship USS New York with USS Arkansas and cruisers USS Brooklyn and Nashville as they leave Reykjavik, Iceland, after escorting the US Marine landing force, 12 Jul 1941 (US Navy photo: 80-G-K-5919)

View from battleship USS New York with USS Arkansas and cruisers USS Brooklyn and Nashville as they leave Reykjavik, Iceland, after escorting the US Marine landing force, 12 Jul 1941 (US Navy photo: 80-G-K-5919)

80 Years Ago—July 7, 1941: Nazis murder 5000 Jews in Kovno, Lithuania.

As American fleet enters Reykjavik harbor, Iceland agrees to allow US occupation under pressure from Britain.

Vichy France forms Légion des Volontaires Français (LVF) of French troops to fight with Germany against USSR.

Today in World War II History—July 6, 1941

Broken bridge at the mouth of the Damour River, Syria, 1941 (British government photo, public domain)

Broken bridge at the mouth of the Damour River, Syria, 1941 (British government photo, public domain)

80 Years Ago—July 6, 1941: In Lebanon, Australians attack Vichy French troops in Battle of Damour.

Peru invades Ecuador over border clash, and launches air strikes against Ecuadorian cities.

Today in World War II History—July 5, 1941

German U-boat U-255, painted white in Arctic camouflage, returning to port after attack on Convoy PQ-17, flying four victory pennants and the flag of the merchant ship Paulus Potter (US Naval History & Heritage Command: NH71317)

German U-boat U-255, painted white in Arctic camouflage, returning to port after attack on Convoy PQ-17, flying four victory pennants and the flag of the merchant ship Paulus Potter (US Naval History & Heritage Command: NH71317)

80 Years Ago—July 5, 1941: RAF bombs Münster in first large-scale attack on this German city.

German U-boats begin to operate in Arctic waters.

In Iceland occupation force off Greenland, US destroyer Charles F. Hughes picks up 14 survivors from sunken Norwegian steamer Vigrid, including 4 US Red Cross nurses (see June 24, 1941 post).

Today in World War II History—July 4, 1941

US poster, WWII

US poster, WWII

80 Years Ago—July 4, 1941: British Communist Party decides to support war effort, now that Germany has invaded the Soviet Union.

Communist Yugoslavian leader Tito (Joseph Broz) calls for Yugoslavians to revolt against Nazi rule.

Today in World War II History—July 3, 1941

Justice Harlan F. Stone, c. 1925-32 (Library of Congress: cph.3c37254)

Justice Harlan F. Stone, c. 1925-32 (Library of Congress: cph.3c37254)

80 Years Ago—July 3, 1941: Stalin declares scorched earth policy in Soviet retreat from Germans.

Harlan F. Stone becomes the 12th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, a position he will hold until his death in 1946.

Today in World War II History—July 2, 1941

PCanadian Women’s Auxiliary Air Force recruiting poster, 1941

Canadian Women’s Auxiliary Air Force recruiting poster, 1941

80 Years Ago—July 2, 1941: Japanese army orders draft of 1 million men.

Canadian Women’s Auxiliary Air Force is established, the first women’s military service in North America, under Flight Officer Kathleen Oonah Walker; 17,000 women will serve, with 30 deaths (renamed RCAF Women’s Division in February 1942).

Noël Coward’s play Blithe Spirit premieres in London.

Today in World War II History—July 1, 1941

RCA ad announcing the start of regularly scheduled television broadcasting in New York City by RCA-NBC in April 1939 via station W2XBS, the forerunner of today's WNBC, June 1939 (public domain via RCA via Wikipedia)

RCA ad announcing the start of regularly scheduled television broadcasting in New York City by RCA-NBC in April 1939 via station W2XBS, the forerunner of today’s WNBC, June 1939 (public domain via RCA via Wikipedia)

80 Years Ago—July 1, 1941: Germans occupy Riga, Latvia.

US agrees to take over the security of Iceland from Britain.

CBS & NBC begin offering fifteen hours per week of TV programming in New York City, but few people have sets.

Bulova Watch buys first network TV commercial ever—for $9.