MGM movie poster for Life Begins for Andy Hardy, 1941 (public domain via Wikipedia)
80 Years Ago—Aug. 15, 1941: Jews in Nazi-occupied USSR are banned from public places and from owning cars or radios.
German spy Josef Jakobs becomes the last man to be executed in the Tower of London; he had parachuted into Britain and was captured February 1, 1941.
Movie premiere of Life Begins for Andy Hardy, starring Lewis Stone, Mickey Rooney, and Judy Garland.
Roosevelt and Churchill at the Atlantic Charter Conference, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, Aug 1941 (US Naval History and Heritage Command: 80-G-26850)
80 Years Ago—Aug. 14, 1941: Roosevelt and Churchill sign the Atlantic Charter declaring general principles for a free postwar world.
Roosevelt announces US will not allow German U-boats to attack British shipping in the Western Hemisphere.
Nazis execute Franciscan priest Maximilian Kolbe, after Kolbe volunteered to replace a condemned man; Kolbe will be canonized; the man he replaced, Franciszek Gajowniczek, survives the war.
Fr. Maximilian Kolbe, 1939 (public domain via Wikipedia)
Poster for the Australian Women’s Army Service (AWAS), WWII (Australian War Memorial: ARTV00335)
80 Years Ago—Aug. 13, 1941: Canadian Women’s Army Corps is established.
Australian Women’s Army Service is established.
Australian troops in a foxhole with Bren gun near Tobruk, Libya, Aug 1941 (Australian War Memorial: 009510)
80 Years Ago—Aug. 12, 1941: Six thousand Polish troops land at besieged Tobruk, relieving Australians.
Japanese-Canadians are required to carry registration cards with thumbprint and photo.
Art from the National Gallery in London is placed in the Manod Quarry for safekeeping.
Movie premiere of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, starring Spencer Tracy, Ingrid Bergman, and Lana Turner.
MGM movie poster for Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, 1941 (public domain via Wikipedia)
A Gee navigation receiver in a Handley Page Halifax bomber of No.462 Squadron RAAF, Foulsham, England, April 1945 (Australian War Memorial: P01523.009)
80 Years Ago—Aug. 11, 1941: At Atlantic Conference in Newfoundland, British and US military chiefs discuss war plans together for the first time.
RAF Wellingtons bomb Mönchen-Gladbach, Germany, in first trial of experimental Gee navigational radar.
Patch of the US Fourth Army
80 Years Ago—Aug. 10, 1941: Australian coastal towns test blackouts for fear of Japanese bombing.
US Fourth Army holds major field exercise in Washington state, through August 15.
Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Roosevelt’s sons Franklin and Elliott aboard USS Augusta off Newfoundland, Aug 1941 (US Naval History and Heritage Command: NH 67201)
80 Years Ago—Aug. 9, 1941: Atlantic Conference begins—Roosevelt & Churchill meet at Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, to craft the Atlantic Charter.
RAF ace Wing Commander Douglas Bader’s Spitfire collides with a German Messerschmitt 109 over France; Bader bails out, leaving behind one of his two artificial legs.
Berlin Zoo flak tower, April 1942 (German Federal Archive, Bild 183-H27779)
80 Years Ago—Aug. 8, 1941: Germans close Uman pocket in Ukraine, defeating Soviet 6th and 12th Armies, and taking 100,000 POWs.
Soviet air force bombs Berlin for the first time, but four of the five bombers are lost.
Vichy France bans Jewish physicians from practicing medicine.
Bruno Mussolini, 1941 (public domain via Almanacco Bompiani)
80 Years Ago—Aug. 7, 1941: Mussolini’s son Bruno is killed in a test-flight crash of a P.108 bomber near Pisa, Italy, age 23.
US Navy issues a plan to install search radar in patrol planes.
Wladyslaw Anders, before 1939 (public domain via Wikipedia)
80 Years Ago—Aug. 6, 1941: US Navy PBY Catalina and PBM Mariner aircraft based in Iceland begin patrols over the North Atlantic.
Lt. Gen. Wladyslaw Anders is appointed to form a Polish army in the USSR, but the army will never be allowed to fight.
C.S. Lewis begins a series of BBC broadcasts that will be adapted into his classic book, Mere Christianity.