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Today in World War II History—July 6, 1940 & 1945

German U-boat U-37 at Lorient, France, 1940 (German Federal Archive: Bild 101II-MW-1032-11A)

German U-boat U-37 at Lorient, France, 1940 (German Federal Archive: Bild 101II-MW-1032-11A)

80 Years Ago—July 6, 1940: First German U-boat base opens in France, at Lorient.

75 Years Ago—July 6, 1945: Nicaragua becomes the first nation to ratify the United Nations Charter.

US President Harry Truman establishes the Medal of Freedom, the highest honor for US civilians.

US launches Operation Overcast to bring German scientists to America.