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Today in World War II History—March 6, 1945

Navy Ensign Jane Kendeigh, the first flight nurse to arrive on Iwo Jima. (US Marine Corps photo)

Navy Ensign Jane Kendeigh, the first flight nurse to arrive on Iwo Jima. (US Marine Corps photo)

75 Years Ago—March 6, 1945: US First Army takes Cologne (Köln), Germany; in retreat, Germans destroy the Hohenzollern Bridge.

Germans launch offensive to retake Hungarian oil fields—will have partial, temporary success.

Dutch resistance ambushes a truck at Woeste Hoeve, injuring Hanns Rauter, head of the Dutch SS.

Medical evacuation flights begin from Iwo Jima, but come under artillery fire; for first time ever, a flight nurse (Ens. Jane Kendeigh, Navy Nurse Corps) flies into an active battlefield.

Demolished Hohenzollern Bridge at Cologne, Germany, March 1945 (US Army Center of Military History)

Demolished Hohenzollern Bridge at Cologne, Germany, March 1945 (US Army Center of Military History)