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Today in World War II History—October 18, 1939 & 1944

German poster for the Volkssturm, WWII

German poster for the Volkssturm, WWII

80 Years Ago—October 18, 1939: Germany announces neutral ships in Allied convoys will be sunk without warning.

President Roosevelt declares US waters off-limits to submarines of warring nations.

75 Years Ago—Oct. 18, 1944: Hitler activates Volkssturm, a militia of all able-bodied males 13-60 years old.

Soviets enter Czechoslovakia through Carpathian passes, but pause to let Germans crush Slovakian mountain uprising.

Lt. Gen. Joseph Stilwell is removed from command of the China-Burma-India Theater and recalled to US.