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Today in World War II History—Sept. 27, 1940 & 1945

Galeazzo Ciano of Italy, Joachim von Ribbentrop of Germany, and Saburō Kurusu of Japan signing the Tripartite Pact at the Reich Chancellery in Berlin, 27 Sep 1940 (public domain via WW2 Database)

Galeazzo Ciano of Italy, Joachim von Ribbentrop of Germany, and Saburō Kurusu of Japan signing the Tripartite Pact at the Reich Chancellery in Berlin, 27 Sep 1940 (public domain via WW2 Database)

80 Years Ago—Sept. 27, 1940: Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact.

Germans begin census of Jews in occupied France, conducted by French police; Jews are required to register with police station by October 20 and Jewish-owned shops must post yellow “Entreprise Juive” signs by October 31.

Movie premiere of Busby Berkeley musical Strike up the Band, starring Judy Garland & Mickey Rooney.

75 Years Ago—Sept. 27, 1945: US Air Transport Command begins “Sunset Project”: return of planes, crews & passengers from the Pacific.

Robert Patterson becomes US Secretary of War.

Premiere of Roberto Rossellini’s Roma, Città Aperta, the first Italian neorealist film.