80 Years Ago—Aug. 12, 1940: Second phase of Battle of Britain begins, as Luftwaffe attacks switch from shipping to RAF airfields and aircraft plants to prepare for invasion—the first true strategic air operation in history.
Luftwaffe first attacks British radar stations; disruption to the Ventnor radar station on the Isle of Wight leaves hole in radar.
First German artillery shells land on British soil, destroying four homes in Dover.
Britain declares wasting food to be illegal.
75 Years Ago—Aug. 12, 1945: US announces Japan can keep Hirohito as emperor, but only if he is not proclaimed to be divine.