75 Years Ago—Jan. 5, 1943: US Fifth Army established in Oujda, Morocco under Lt. Gen. Mark Clark.
In the Solomons, light cruiser USS Helena is the first ship to use Mk. 32 VT proximity-fuzed 5-in shells in combat, shooting down a Japanese D3A carrier bomber with second salvo.
Scientist George Washington Carver dies in Tuskegee AL, age 81.