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Today in
World War II History

Today in World War II History—Oct. 12, 1942

75 Years Ago—Oct. 12, 1942: Restrictions lifted against Italian nationals living as long-term residents in US—no longer classified as enemy aliens, able to travel freely and to own cameras and guns, and not required to carry ID cards.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 11, 1942

US sailor W.R. Martin points to scoreboard of light cruiser USS Boise from the Battle of Cape Esperance, 11-12 October 1942; the six Japanese ships claimed overstates actual enemy losses, not uncommon in night battles, Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, PA, November 1942 (US Naval History and Heritage Command).

US sailor W.R. Martin points to scoreboard of light cruiser USS Boise from the Battle of Cape Esperance, 11-12 October 1942; the six Japanese ships claimed overstates actual enemy losses, not uncommon in night battles, Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, PA, November 1942 (US Naval History and Heritage Command).

75 Years Ago—Oct. 11, 1942: The Battle of Cape Esperance begins off Guadalcanal: US ships will sink a Japanese heavy cruiser and three destroyers.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 10, 1942

Gen. George Patton and Rear Admiral Kent Hewitt aboard cruiser USS Augusta, off Morocco during Operation Torch, 8 or 9 Nov 1942 (US National Archives)

Gen. George Patton and Rear Admiral Kent Hewitt aboard cruiser USS Augusta, off Morocco during Operation Torch, 8 or 9 Nov 1942 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 10, 1942: Rear Adm. Kent Hewitt appointed commander of Western Naval Task Force for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa.

Bing Crosby’s recording of “White Christmas” is released.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 9, 1942

WAVES recruitment poster, US, WWII75 Years Ago—Oct. 9, 1942: US Eighth Air Force bombs Lille, France in its first mission with B-24 Liberators, first mission with over 100 bombers, and the first mission for the 306th Bomb Group.

On Guadalcanal, Marines cross Matanikau River, pushing Japanese out of artillery range of Henderson Field.

First WAVES enlisted schools open at Stillwater, OK (yeoman), Bloomington, IN (storekeeper), and Madison, WI (radioman).

Today in World War II History—Oct. 8, 1942

Belgian forced worker at Siemens factory in Berlin, August 1943. (German Federal Archives: Bild 183-R46093)

Belgian forced worker at Siemens factory in Berlin, August 1943. (German Federal Archives: Bild 183-R46093)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 8, 1942: Off Cape Town, South Africa, German U-boats sink seven Allied cargo ships.

Nazis order all Belgian males 18-50 and females 21-35 to register for war work.

US orders closure of 250 of 300 gold mines to divert labor to war uses.

Movie premiere of Flying Tigers, starring John Wayne, John Carroll, and Anna Lee.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 7, 1942

US poster, 1942

US poster, 1942

75 Years Ago—Oct. 7, 1942: US & Britain announce creation of United Nations Commission to investigate war crimes.

On Guadalcanal, Marines open offensive to expand perimeter at Henderson Field past artillery range.

Bandleader Glenn Miller inducted into the US Army Air Forces.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 6, 1942

Japanese-American girl walking in rain, Jerome Relocation Center, AR, 12 Mar 1943 (US National Archives)

Japanese-American girl walking in rain, Jerome Relocation Center, AR, 12 Mar 1943 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 6, 1942: Second Protocol for US aid to USSR signed in Washington: 4 million tons of supplies promised through 7/1/43.

War Relocation Center at Jerome, Arkansas opens for Japanese-Americans.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 5, 1942

1942 World Series program (National World War II Museum)

1942 World Series program (National World War II Museum)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 5, 1942: Nazis order all Jews in concentration camps in Germany to be sent to Auschwitz or Majdanek.

World Series ends: St. Louis Cardinals beat New York Yankees four games to one in Yankees’ first World Series defeat since 1926.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 4, 1942

Stalingrad Tractor Factory after German capture, Stalingrad, Russia, 17 Oct 1942 (German Federal Archive: Bild 183-B22437)

Stalingrad Tractor Factory after German capture, Stalingrad, Russia, 17 Oct 1942 (German Federal Archive: Bild 183-B22437)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 4, 1942: British commando raid on Sark in the Channel Islands yields one German prisoner.

Germans make fourth major offensive at Stalingrad, attack tractor factory.

Today in World War II History—Oct. 3, 1942

Bette Davis & John Garfield, founders of the Hollywood Canteen, 1942 (public domain)

Bette Davis & John Garfield, founders of the Hollywood Canteen, 1942 (public domain)

75 Years Ago—Oct. 3, 1942: In Stalingrad, Germans push Soviets back to the Volga.

War Dog Reception and Training Center established at Fort Robinson, NE.

Hollywood Canteen opens on Cahuenga Blvd., started by Bette Davis and John Garfield, with film stars entertaining and serving Allied troops.

Until Leaves Fall In Paris
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