Seaplane tender USS Langley being abandoned after being damaged by Japanese bombs, Battle of Java Sea, 27 Feb 1942 (US Naval History and Heritage Command)
75 Years Ago—Feb. 27, 1942: Battle of Java Sea begins—Allied ships fail to prevent Japanese landing at Java, take heavy losses.
Nazis order construction of gas chambers at Auschwitz.
Seattle school board accepts forced resignation of Japanese-American teachers.
Ribbon for the Army’s Distinguished Unit Citation
75 Years Ago—Feb. 26, 1942: Army Distinguished Unit Citation authorized, worn above right breast pocket.
3000 Japanese residents of San Pedro and Terminal Island, CA ordered to leave in 3 days.
Academy Awards: best picture How Green Was My Valley, best actress Joan Fontaine in Suspicion, best actor Gary Cooper in Sergeant York, best director John Ford for How Green Was My Valley, first Oscars awarded for documentaries.
Antiaircraft fire over Los Angeles, CA, 24-25 February 1942 (California State Archives)
75 Years Ago—Feb. 25, 1942: “Battle of Los Angeles”: In Los Angeles, false reports of enemy planes (actually a rogue weather balloon) lead to firing of antiaircraft guns during night of Feb. 24-25; 5 civilians die from resulting car accidents or heart attacks.
British Gen. Sir Archibald Wavell named Commander in Chief, India.
President Roosevelt bans racial discrimination in defense industry.
TBD-1 Devastator bomber over Wake Island during American attack, 24 Feb 1942 (US National Archives)
75 Years Ago—Feb. 24, 1942: Soviet sub ShCh-213 sinks Bulgarian passenger ship Struma; 766 Jewish refugees die after having been refused admission to Palestine and Turkey.
Canada orders removal of all Japanese-Canadians from west coast to inland communities.
USS Enterprise group strikes Wake Island, sinking two Japanese guard boats.
US B-17 Flying Fortress “Swamp Ghost” undergoing restoration at the Pacific Aviation Museum. (Photo: Sarah Sundin, 7 Nov 2016)
75 Years Ago—Feb. 23, 1942: US Fifth Air Force B-17s, based in Townsville, Australia make first attack on Rabaul; 1 crash-lands in New Guinea swamp—Swamp Ghost now in Pacific Aviation Museum at Pearl Harbor.
Japanese sub I-17 fires at Bankline Oil Refinery at Ellwood near Santa Barbara CA; little damage; first attack on US mainland in war.
US Army Air Forces approve “winged star” emblem in shape of a V for victory.
Air Marshal Sir Arthur Harris, 1943 (National Archives, United Kingdom)
75 Years Ago—Feb. 22, 1942: Air Marshal Sir Arthur “Bomber” Harris takes command of RAF Bomber Command.
President Roosevelt orders Gen. Douglas MacArthur to leave Bataan for Australia.
New car sales end in the US.
San Francisco Examiner headlines, San Francisco, CA, 22 Feb 1942 (US National Archives)
75 Years Ago—Feb. 21, 1942: House of Representatives begins hearings about removal of Japanese-Americans from West Coast.
German spy Bernard Julius Otto Kuehn convicted of espionage for sending information about Pearl Harbor to the Japanese before and during the attack.
New song in Top Ten: “I Don’t Want to Walk Without You.”
Thank you to everyone who pre-ordered When Tides Turn and filled out the form! I hope you’re enjoying your downloadable goodies. The group video conference will be scheduled at the end of March, and everyone who filled out the form will receive an email with instructions when we have the final details.
All entries were placed in a drawing to name a character in the next novel I’ll write–The Sky Above Us, Book 2 in the Sunrise at Normandy series. The three winners will also receive a free copy of the book when it releases in early 2019. I will contact the winners to arrange for the character names. The three winners are…
However…I decided to throw in ONE extra winner. Ruth Lucca sent me not one, but TWENTY photos of her When Tides Turn origami ship, photographed at the former US Navy training vessel, USS Recruit, in San Diego! Here is a sampling of her photos. Aren’t they fun?
Lt. Edward “Butch” O’Hare in front of a Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat fighter, spring 1942 (US Navy photo)
75 Years Ago—Feb. 20, 1942: First US Eighth Air Force officers arrive in England.
Japanese land on Portuguese East Timor and Dutch West Timor in East Indies.
Lt. Edward “Butch” O’Hare of USS Lexington shoots down five Japanese planes in six minutes in his F4F Wildcat over Rabaul, becoming the first US Navy ace of war, receives Medal of Honor.
Exclusion Order posted at First and Front Streets in San Francisco directing removal of persons of Japanese ancestry, 1 April 1942 (US National Archives)
75 Years Ago—Feb. 19, 1942: President Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9066, authorizing designation of military zones and removal of certain persons, which will lead to the internment of Japanese-Americans.
Largest-ever attack on Australia: 242 Japanese aircraft bomb Darwin and Broome, sinking 12 ships, destroying almost all aircraft, and killing 200.
Canadian parliament passes conscription law.
Explosion of MV Neptuna, hit during the Japanese air raid on Darwin, Australia, 19 February 1942 (Royal Australian Navy photo)