Canadian recruitment poster, WWII (Imperial War Museum)
75 Years Ago—Apr. 27, 1942: Explosion at Japanese mine in Manchuria kills 1527—worst mine disaster ever.
In US, registration begins for upcoming sugar rationing, and sale of sugar is halted for a week.
In plebiscite, Canadian voters approve conscription, except voters in Québec.
Fire Blitz on Bath, 1942, by Wilfred Haines (Imperial War Museum)
75 Years Ago—Apr. 26, 1942: German Reichstag gives Hitler absolute power, removing all legal restrictions on him.
Luftwaffe flies retaliatory “Baedeker Raid” to historic Bath, England.
75 Years Ago—Apr. 25, 1942: Britain’s Princess Elizabeth registers for youth war service.
US War Shipping Administration requisitions privately owned tankers and cargo ships.
New song in Top Ten: “Don’t Sit Under the Apple Tree with Anyone Else but Me.”
75 Years Ago—Apr. 24, 1942: US Marine Corps raises maximum age for recruits from 33 to 36.
Lucy Maud Montgomery, author of Anne of Green Gables, dies in Toronto, ON, age 67.
Lucy Maud Montgomery, 1930s (Library and Archives, Canada)
Study for a Fire Guard Team, Exeter, 1943, by William Clausen, after the Baedeker Raid to Exeter (Imperial War Museum)
75 Years Ago—Apr. 23, 1942: Luftwaffe bombs Exeter in first “Baedeker Raid,” bombings of British historical sites listed in the Baedeker guides.
As the Japanese advance, Chinese Sixth Army retreats from Burma back into China.
First supply U-boat, U-459, delivers fuel and supplies to U-boats, extending their range, nicknamed Milchkuh (milk cow) U-boats.
US C-46 Commando cargo plane flying over the “Hump” during World War II (US Army Air Forces photo)
75 Years Ago—Apr. 22, 1942: US Tenth Air Force begins regular air supply service over the “Hump” between India and China and begins evacuating 4500 personnel from Burma to India.
Movie premiere of Hitchcock’s Saboteur, starring Robert Cummings and Priscilla Lane.
75 Years Ago—Apr. 21, 1942: President Roosevelt orders seizure of all patents held by enemy nations.
Kenedy Alien Detention Center opens in Texas for enemy alien civilians (German, Italian, and Japanese citizens).
RAF Spitfires being hauled aboard carrier USS Wasp, Glasgow, Scotland, 13 Apr 1942 (public domain via WW2 Database)
75 Years Ago—Apr. 20, 1942: Japanese secure Panay in the Philippines.
Carrier USS Wasp launches 47 Spitfires to Malta, all arrive safely.
Germans restrict access to beaches in the Netherlands.
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt urges formation of more nurseries for children of working women.
Capt. Ronald Reagan working for the Army Air Force’s First Motion Picture Unit in Culver City, CA, 1943-44 (US Army Air Force photo)
75 Years Ago—Apr. 19, 1942: Japanese secure Cebu in Philippines.
Future president Lt. Ronald Reagan, a reserve cavalry officer, is called to active duty; he will serve in the Army Air Force’s First Motion Picture Unit.
Lt. Col. James Doolittle (L) and Capt. Marc Mitscher (R) aboard USS Hornet, 18 Apr 1942 (US Naval History and Heritage Command)
75 Years Ago—Apr. 18, 1942: Doolittle Raid: 16 B-25s launched from carrier USS Hornet bomb Tokyo, led by Lt. Col. James Doolittle; little damage inflicted, but significantly increases morale in US and decreases morale in Japan.
US establishes War Manpower Commission to maximize effective use of workers.
Stars and Stripes newspaper re-established for US servicemen.
US B-25 taking off from USS Hornet for the Doolittle Raid, 18 Apr 1942 (US National Archives)