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Today in
World War II History

Today in World War II History—February 1, 1943

Insignia of the US 442nd Regimental Combat Team

Insignia of the US 442nd Regimental Combat Team

80 Years Ago—Feb. 1, 1943: Japanese begin evacuation of 13,000 troops from Guadalcanal.

Mussolini dismisses Gen. Ugo Cavallero as head of Italian armed forces (Comando Supremo), and replaces him with Gen. Vittorio Ambrosio.

US forms 442nd Regimental Combat Team for Japanese-American soldiers, including internees.

Today in World War II History—January 31, 1943

German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, Maj. Gen. Arthur Schmidt, and Col. Wilhelm Adam after their surrender, Stalingrad, Russia, 31 Jan 1943 (German Federal Archive Bild 183-F0316-0204-005)

German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, Maj. Gen. Arthur Schmidt, and Col. Wilhelm Adam after their surrender, Stalingrad, Russia, 31 Jan 1943 (German Federal Archive Bild 183-F0316-0204-005)

80 Years Ago—Jan. 31, 1943: Karl Dönitz takes command of German Navy and is promoted to Grossadmiral, maintaining his position as Commander of U-Boats.

Soviets take southern pocket in Stalingrad and capture Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus, commander of German 6th Army.

Germans take Faïd and Pichon Passes in Tunisia.

Today in World War II History—January 30, 1943

Recruitment poster for the French Milice, WWII

Recruitment poster for the French Milice, WWII

80 Years Ago—Jan. 30, 1943: RAF flies daylight raid to Berlin, timed to interrupt Goering and Goebbels’s speeches on the tenth anniversary of the German Reich.

The Milice, a Vichy French militia, is formed under Joseph Darnand to counter the French Resistance.

Australians defeat Japanese at Wau, New Guinea.

Today in World War II History—January 29, 1943

Recruitment poster for US Marine Corps Women’s Reserve, WWII

Recruitment poster for US Marine Corps Women’s Reserve, WWII

80 Years Ago—Jan. 29, 1943: Soviets drive southwest on the Voronezh front toward Kharkov.

Australian paratroopers land at Wau, New Guinea.

Maj. Ruth Cheney Streeter is named the first director of the US Marine Corps Women’s Reserve.

Today in World War II History—January 28, 1943

Painting: “Go for Broke,” depicting Japanese-American 442nd Regimental Combat Team in action in France, October 1944 (US Army Center of Military History)

Painting: “Go for Broke,” depicting Japanese-American 442nd Regimental Combat Team in action in France, October 1944 (US Army Center of Military History)

80 Years Ago—Jan. 28, 1943: Japanese attempt final drive for Port Moresby, New Guinea.

US military begins accepting Nisei volunteers and announces formation of Japanese-American combat units.

Germany orders registration of men ages 16-65 and women ages 17-45 for war work; most luxury and consumer industries are shut down.

Today in World War II History—January 27, 1943

Steel pennies, 1943 (Sarah Sundin collection)

Steel pennies, 1943 (Sarah Sundin collection)

80 Years Ago—Jan. 27, 1943: First American mission over Germany: US Eighth Air Force, led by the 306th Bombardment Group, bombs Wilhelmshaven.

Lt. Ronald Reagan begins work with the First Motion Picture Unit to make films to improve morale.

US begins production of steel pennies; 1.1 billion steel pennies will be produced in 1943, saving copper for 1.25 million artillery shells.

Today in World War II History—January 26, 1943

Gen. Sir Thomas Hunton (United Kingdom government photo: NPG x84322)

Gen. Sir Thomas Hunton (United Kingdom government photo: NPG x84322)

80 Years Ago—Jan. 26, 1943: Gen. Sir Thomas Hunton replaces Gen. Sir Alan Bourne in command of the British Royal Marines, serving as the first Commandant General Royal Marines.

Free French launch assault for Kairouan Pass in Ousseltia Valley, Tunisia.

Today in World War II History—January 25, 1943

Lt.-Gen. Kenneth Anderson (right) at 78th Infantry Division headquarters in Tunisia, with Brig. C.B. McNabb and Maj.-Gen. V. Evelegh, January 1943 (Imperial War Museum: TR 636)

Lt.-Gen. Kenneth Anderson (right) at 78th Infantry Division headquarters in Tunisia, with Brig. C.B. McNabb and Maj.-Gen. V. Evelegh, January 1943 (Imperial War Museum: TR 636)

80 Years Ago—Jan. 25, 1943: Soviets divide German 6th Army in Stalingrad into two pockets.

British Gen. Kenneth Anderson is placed in command of all Allied forces in Tunisia.

The Pentagon opens—the largest office building in the world.

Today in World War II History—January 24, 1943

Allied leaders at the Casablanca Conference, January 1943. Seated: President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill; standing, left to right: Gen. Brehon Somervell, Gen. H.H. Arnold, Adm. Ernest King, unidentified, Gen. George Marshall, Adm. Sir Dudley Pound, Gen. Sir Alan Brooke, Sir Charles Portal, and Vice Adm. Louis Mountbatten (US National Archives: 80-G-38559)

Allied leaders at the Casablanca Conference, January 1943. Seated: President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill; standing, left to right: Gen. Brehon Somervell, Gen. H.H. Arnold, Adm. Ernest King, unidentified, Gen. George Marshall, Adm. Sir Dudley Pound, Gen. Sir Alan Brooke, Sir Charles Portal, and Vice Adm. Louis Mountbatten (US National Archives: 80-G-38559)

80 Years Ago—Jan. 24, 1943: In the Casablanca Declaration, the Allies demand the unconditional surrender of the Axis.

At the Casablanca Conference, Allies commit to the invasion of Sicily.

Today in World War II History—January 23, 1943

British Valentine infantry tanks in Tripoli, Libya, late Jan 1943 (US National Archives: ARC 196346)

British Valentine infantry tanks in Tripoli, Libya, late Jan 1943 (US National Archives: ARC 196346)

80 Years Ago—Jan. 23, 1943: British Eighth Army takes important port of Tripoli, Libya.

On Guadalcanal, US takes the last Japanese landing beach and cuts their supply route, and also takes Mount Austen and the last artillery sites harassing Henderson Field.

The film Casablanca opens in theaters nationwide.

The Sound of Light by Sarah Sundin
“Sundin’s craft is inimitable, and her literary finesse radiates from every page.”
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