75 Years Ago—Sept. 20, 1943: Australian 2/6th Independent Company defeats larger Japanese force at Kaiapit, New Guinea, opening up the Ramu Valley and sites for airstrips. At Auletta, Italy, US Fifth Army meets British Eighth Army advancing from south. New Zealanders secure Vella Lavella in the Solomon Islands. US War Department puts all coastal observation… Read more »
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Sept. 19, 1943: In Italy, Allies secure Salerno plain. Australians open offensive in Ramu Valley, New Guinea and take Kaiapit, but the Japanese counterattack in force. Decca Records signs deal with the striking musicians’ union and becomes the first studio to record in a year.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 18, 1943: US opens Central Pacific offensive as US Seventh Air Force B-24 bombers and Navy Task Force 15 carrier aircraft begin bombing Tarawa, Makin, and Apemama in the Gilbert Islands. Premiere of weekly radio show I Sustain the Wings on CBS with Capt. Glenn Miller and the Army Air Force Band.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 17, 1943: Germans begin retreat from Salerno plain in Italy. US 802nd Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron begins air evacuation from Salerno, Italy. Soviets take Bryansk, Russia.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 16, 1943: Australians take Lae on New Guinea. Soviets take Novgorod and Novorossisk, Russia. Danish Freedom Council (Frihedsrådet) established to organize resistance groups, with British SOE support.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 15, 1943: US and British forces repulse German attacks at Salerno, Italy and secure the beachhead. Germans announce death penalty for Italians caught with firearms.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 14, 1943: At Salerno, Italy, US repels German counterattack. Meanwhile, British Eighth Army progresses to control “heel” and “toe” of Italy.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 13, 1943: At Salerno, Italy, Germans counterattack down the Sele River and drive to within 3 miles of the beach, and paratroopers of the US 82nd Airborne are dropped behind US lines near Paestum as reinforcements. British hospital ship Newfoundland is sunk by the Luftwaffe off Salerno, Italy; 23 killed, including all… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Sept. 12, 1943: German SS detachment in gliders rescues Mussolini from Gran Sasso, where he was imprisoned by the Italian government. In New Guinea, Australians take Salamaua and its airfield. US War Ration Book Three becomes active.
75 Years Ago—Sept. 11, 1943: Germans finish occupation of Rome & northern Italy, capturing most of Italian army. Light cruiser USS Savannah is damaged by a German FX-1400 guided bomb off Salerno, Italy, 206 killed. New song in Top Ten: “Paper Doll.”