75 Years Ago—July 22, 1944: German SS glider troops land in the Vercors region of France and break up the Maquis uprising; over 800 French resistance members and civilians will be killed. Gen. Kuniaki Koiso becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—July 21, 1944: US Army and Marines invade Japanese-held Guam with heavy opposition. Many of the July 20 Operation Valkyrie conspirators who attempted a coup are arrested, and Col. Count Claus von Stauffenberg, who attempted to assassinate Hitler, is executed.
75 Years Ago—July 20, 1944: Operation Valkyrie—German officers attempt to assassinate Hitler, led by Col. Count Claus von Stauffenberg, but fail; the following coup attempt also fails. Movie premiere of Since You Went Away, starring Claudette Colbert and Joseph Cotten.
75 Years Ago—July 19, 1944: Democratic convention opens in Chicago; President Roosevelt will be nominated for an unprecedented fourth term on July 20, Sen. Harry Truman will be nominated for vice president. US Fifth Army takes crucial port of Leghorn (Livorno), Italy with little opposition, but Germans have destroyed the harbor.
75 Years Ago—July 18, 1944: Japanese Prime Minister Gen. Hideki Tojo resigns with his whole cabinet. In Normandy, British Second Army breaks out of Caen in the biggest British tank battle of WWII (200 British tanks & 100 German tanks lost). Allies send over 2000 bombers to the Caen area in the largest ground support… Read more »
75 Years Ago—July 17, 1944: Port Chicago Explosion: freighters E.A. Bryan and Quinalt Victory explode at the US Naval Magazine in Port Chicago, CA, killing 322 (mostly black sailors) in the largest home front disaster of the war; the resulting controversy exposes discrimination in the armed forces and leads to the desegregation of the Navy…. Read more »
75 Years Ago—July 16, 1944: Allied Sixth Army Group (US Seventh Army & French First Army) is established under Lt. Gen. Jacob Devers for Operation Anvil, the invasion of Southern France (later named Operation Dragoon). Lt. Cdr. Goodwin of New Zealand escapes a Japanese POW camp in Hong Kong and swims to mainland China, the… Read more »
75 Years Ago—July 15, 1944: Finnish forces stop the Soviet advance in the Karelian Isthmus. US Navy PB4Y Liberators bomb Iwo Jima, Chichi Jima, and Haha Jima.
75 Years Ago—July 14, 1944: On Bastille Day, US Eighth Air Force B-17s make supply drop to resistance forces in southern France. Glenn Miller’s first performance at an airfield in England: at Thurleigh for the 306th Bombardment Group in a hangar with 3500 in attendance. Japanese conscript women ages 12-40 for war work. In California,… Read more »
75 Years Ago—July 13, 1944: On New Guinea near Aitape, US troops push back to Driniumor River, dividing the Japanese 18th Army. German Ju 88 night-fighter mistakenly lands at RAF Woodbridge in England, revealing secrets of Luftwaffe FuG Flensburg equipment which homed in on British radar. Mayo Clinic announces that cigarettes may harm wounded men… Read more »