80 Years Ago—Dec. 7, 1941: Japanese attack Pearl Harbor at 0755, killing 2335 military personnel and 68 civilians. Japanese aircraft sink US battleships Arizona, Oklahoma, West Virginia, California, and Utah (which had been converted to an auxiliary), and damage battleship USS Nevada. At Pearl Harbor, destroyer USS Ward fires the first shot, sinking a Japanese… Read more »
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
80 Years Ago—Dec. 6, 1941: Soviet Gen. Georgi Zhukov launches a counteroffensive north of Moscow against the German army. Battleships USS Oklahoma and USS Nevada arrive at Pearl Harbor.
80 Years Ago—Dec. 5, 1941: Battleship USS Arizona arrives at Pearl Harbor. USS Lexington departs Hawaii with Marine aircraft for Midway, leaving no carriers at Pearl Harbor at the time of the attack. James J. Kilroy of Boston is hired at Fore River Shipyard in Quincy, MA, to check work of riveters; his “Kilroy Was… Read more »
80 Years Ago—Dec. 4, 1941: Chicago Tribune and Washington Times-Herald publish news of classified, unapproved US Victory Program war plans, leaked to the papers by isolationist Sen. Burton Wheeler, creating cries of warmongering among isolationists. Interventionist Chicago Sun is first published as foil for isolationist Chicago Tribune. National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis approves Sister Kenny’s… Read more »
80 Years Ago—Dec. 3, 1941: Hitler issues Rationalization Decree, urging modern efficient mass production. In South Atlantic, U-124 sinks unarmed US freighter Sagadahoc (1 killed), the sixth US ship sunk in WWII while the US was neutral.
80 Years Ago—Dec. 2, 1941: German Army reaches the Moscow suburb of Khimki in sight of the Kremlin, its deepest penetration in the USSR. Marshal Edward Rydz-Śmigły, former commander of all Polish forces, dies of heart failure in Poland, where he was participating with resistance, age 55.
80 Years Ago—Dec. 1, 1941: US forms Civil Air Patrol for civilian pilots to aid in Civil Defense. Japanese Navy changes its communications code, blinding the US to its movements.
80 Years Ago—Nov. 30, 1941: An RAF Whitley damages German U-boat U-71 in the Bay of Biscay in the first use of air-to-surface radar. Japanese Emperor Hirohito gives Prime Minister Tojo permission to wage war on the US; Tojo rejects US peace proposal.
80 Years Ago—Nov. 29, 1941: Italians counterattack near Sidi Rezegh, Libya, and almost destroy New Zealand battalion. Army-Navy football game in Philadelphia; Navy wins 14-6.
80 Years Ago—Nov. 28, 1941: USS Enterprise departs Pearl Harbor to deliver Marine F4F Wildcats to Wake Island, saving the carrier from the coming attack. All resistance ends in East Africa as 20,000 Italians surrender to the British at Gondar, Ethiopia. US Army maneuvers in North and South Carolina conclude. Movie premiere of Abbott and… Read more »