75 Years Ago—July 25, 1942: Allied Combined Chiefs of Staff agree to the invasion of North Africa in November 1942, code-named Operation Torch. New song in Top Ten: “He Wears a Pair of Silver Wings.”
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—July 24, 1942: German Army Group A takes Rostov, Ukraine. Robert Oppenheimer is selected to head atomic bomb research efforts.
75 Years Ago—July 23, 1942: At Treblinka concentration camp, Nazis begin mass extermination by gassing. On Kokoda Trail on New Guinea, Japanese take Awala and force Australians back toward Wairopi.
75 Years Ago—July 22, 1942: In US, gasoline rationing coupons are issued in 17 Eastern states and rationing begins (Read more: Gasoline Rationing in World War II). Japanese take Buna and Giruwa, New Guinea, beginning battle for Kokoda Trail.
75 Years Ago—July 21, 1942: Japanese invade Papua New Guinea at Buna and Gona, push south toward Port Moresby.
75 Years Ago—July 20, 1942: US forms First Special Service Force (FSSF) under Col. Robert Frederick as a commando unit with both US & Canadian troops. First US Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) training center opens at Fort Des Moines, IA.
75 Years Ago—July 19, 1942: German Adm. Karl Dönitz withdraws U-boats from US East Coast to the Caribbean due to American convoy system and increasing U-boat losses. Army-Navy “E” Award is created for war plants that meet quotas. George Washington Carver of the Tuskegee Institute begins work with Ford Motor Company in Dearborn, MI, to… Read more »
75 Years Ago—July 18, 1942: Germans take Voroshilovgrad, Ukraine, coal and coke center of the Donets Basin. First flight of turbo-jet powered Messerschmitt Me 262 at Leipheim, Germany.
75 Years Ago—July 17, 1942: Due to disastrous losses in convoy PQ-17, Churchill tells Stalin that Arctic convoys to Murmansk, Russia are halted (will resume in September 1942). Italians repulse British attack at Miteirya Ridge at El Alamein. Flooding in Pennsylvania kills 15 after state record of 34.5 inches of rain.
75 Years Ago—July 16, 1942: Nazis round up 13,000 foreign Jews in Paris at Vélodrome d’Hiver for deportation to concentration camps. US Navy forms Task Force 61, Solomons Expeditionary Force, under Vice Adm. Frank Fletcher, and Task Force 63 over all Allied land-based planes in Southwest Pacific, under Rear Adm. John McCain. Canada changes Income… Read more »