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Posts Categorized: Today WWII History

Today in World War II History—July 25, 1942

75 Years Ago—July 25, 1942: Allied Combined Chiefs of Staff agree to the invasion of North Africa in November 1942, code-named Operation Torch. New song in Top Ten: “He Wears a Pair of Silver Wings.”

Today in World War II History—July 24, 1942

Soviet lieutenant (possibly A.G. Yeremenko of Soviet 4th Rifle Division), Voroshilovgrad region, Ukraine, 12 Jul 1942 (Russian International News Agency)

75 Years Ago—July 24, 1942: German Army Group A takes Rostov, Ukraine. Robert Oppenheimer is selected to head atomic bomb research efforts.

Today in World War II History—July 23, 1942

Map of Papua New Guinea (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—July 23, 1942: At Treblinka concentration camp, Nazis begin mass extermination by gassing. On Kokoda Trail on New Guinea, Japanese take Awala and force Australians back toward Wairopi.

Today in World War II History—July 22, 1942

US poster, WWII

75 Years Ago—July 22, 1942: In US, gasoline rationing coupons are issued in 17 Eastern states and rationing begins (Read more: Gasoline Rationing in World War II). Japanese take Buna and Giruwa, New Guinea, beginning battle for Kokoda Trail.

Today in World War II History—July 20, 1942

Shoulder patch of the First Special Service Force during WWII

75 Years Ago—July 20, 1942: US forms First Special Service Force (FSSF) under Col. Robert Frederick as a commando unit with both US & Canadian troops. First US Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) training center opens at Fort Des Moines, IA.

Today in World War II History—July 19, 1942

Poster encouraging workers to strive for Army-Navy "E" Award for meeting production quotas, WWII

75 Years Ago—July 19, 1942: German Adm. Karl Dönitz withdraws U-boats from US East Coast to the Caribbean due to American convoy system and increasing U-boat losses. Army-Navy “E” Award is created for war plants that meet quotas. George Washington Carver of the Tuskegee Institute begins work with Ford Motor Company in Dearborn, MI, to… Read more »

Today in World War II History—July 18, 1942

Messerschmitt Me 262A at the National Museum of the United States Air Force (US Air Force photo)

75 Years Ago—July 18, 1942: Germans take Voroshilovgrad, Ukraine, coal and coke center of the Donets Basin. First flight of turbo-jet powered Messerschmitt Me 262 at Leipheim, Germany.

Today in World War II History—July 17, 1942

British troops near El Alamein, Egypt, 17 Jul 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

75 Years Ago—July 17, 1942: Due to disastrous losses in convoy PQ-17, Churchill tells Stalin that Arctic convoys to Murmansk, Russia are halted (will resume in September 1942). Italians repulse British attack at Miteirya Ridge at El Alamein. Flooding in Pennsylvania kills 15 after state record of 34.5 inches of rain.

Today in World War II History—July 16, 1942

Buses waiting at the Vélodrome d'Hiver, where 13,000 Jews were assembled before being transported to Drancy and other French transit camps, Paris, July 16-17, 1942 (Bibliotheque Historique de la Ville de Paris, via US Holocaust Memorial Museum)

75 Years Ago—July 16, 1942: Nazis round up 13,000 foreign Jews in Paris at Vélodrome d’Hiver for deportation to concentration camps. US Navy forms Task Force 61, Solomons Expeditionary Force, under Vice Adm. Frank Fletcher, and Task Force 63 over all Allied land-based planes in Southwest Pacific, under Rear Adm. John McCain. Canada changes Income… Read more »