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Posts Categorized: Today WWII History

Today in World War II History—Nov. 15, 1943

Soldiers of US Fifth Army battle mud in Italy, fall 1943 (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 15, 1943: Allied Expeditionary Air Force (AEAF) is established under Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory for Operation Overlord (D-day). German Adm. Karl Dönitz abandons U-boat campaign in western Atlantic. Britain resumes Arctic convoys to Soviet Union. Gen. Mark Clark orders two-week halt to US offensive in Italy to allow for rest… Read more »

Today in World War II History—Nov. 14, 1943

Battleship USS Iowa, Long Beach, CA, February 2018 (Photo: Sarah Sundin)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 14, 1943: Battleship USS Iowa, carrying President Roosevelt to Africa, is almost hit by an accidentally fired torpedo from destroyer USS William D. Porter. Leonard Bernstein debuts as conductor of New York Philharmonic when Bruno Walter is sick.

Today in World War II History—Nov. 13, 1943

US aircraft carrier deck crewman resting between aircraft landings, off Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, Nov 1943 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 13, 1943: US Seventh Air Force and US Navy Task Force 57 carrier aircraft begin pre-invasion bombing of Tarawa, Makin, and Betio in Gilbert Islands. French Resistance attacks ball-bearing plant at Annecy.

Today in World War II History—Nov. 12, 1943

Australian poster, WWII

75 Years Ago—Nov. 12, 1943: Japanese bomb Parap, Adelaide River, and Batchelor Airfield in final air raid on Australia. French proclaim martial law in Lebanon after Lebanese unilaterally amend constitution to end French mandate (on Nov. 8). After previous day’s Allied air raid, Japanese remove carriers from Rabaul, essentially neutralizing their major air and sea… Read more »

Today in World War II History—Nov. 11, 1943

Curtiss SB2C Helldiver, 1943-45 (US Navy photo)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 11, 1943: US Navy carrier aircraft & land-based aircraft, plus bombers of the US Fifth & Thirteenth Air Forces and the Royal Australian Air Force (total of over 300 aircraft), make major raid on Japanese base at Rabaul, destroying 55 aircraft. On Rabaul raid, US Navy Curtiss SB2C Helldiver makes its combat… Read more »

Today in World War II History—Nov. 10, 1943

US Navy poster with quote from Adm. Alan Kirk, 1944 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 10, 1943: Soviets break through German lines at Gomel, Byelorussia. Rear Adm. Alan Kirk assumes command of Western Naval Task Force (US Task Force 122), over US naval forces for Operation Overlord (D-day).

Today in World War II History—Nov. 9, 1943

Mother’s Day celebration at a United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration displaced persons camp in Germany, 26 May 1946 (Source: Deutsche Fotothek via Wikimedia Commons, photographer Abraham Pisarek)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 9, 1943: Representatives of 44 nations meet in Atlantic City, NJ, and establish United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration to prepare for reconstruction of Europe & Asia. US Marines break up Japanese counterattack on Piva Trail on Bougainville.

Today in World War II History—Nov. 8, 1943

Flight nurses of the 807th MAETS show their worn-out shoes after their two-month trek through Albania, 9 January 1944 (US Air Force photo)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 8, 1943: US Marines repulse heavy Japanese offensive at Koromokina Lagoon, Bougainville. US C-53 cargo plane carrying 13 flight nurses & 13 medics of the 807th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron, plus 4 crewmen, crash-lands in Nazi-occupied Albania; over the next two months, they’ll escape on foot back to Allied territory.

Today in World War II History—Nov. 7, 1943

Lt. Pauline Curry & Tech. Sgt. Lewis Marker, 803rd MAETS, check a patient on a flight over India (US Air Force photo)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 7, 1943: US 803rd Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron arrives at Chabua, India, and flies its first air evacuation mission. Release of wartime short film Beyond the Line of Duty, narrated by Ronald Reagan.

Today in World War II History—Nov. 6, 1943

Submarine USS Pampanito, San Francisco, CA, October 2014 (Photo: Sarah Sundin)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 6, 1943: Hitler names Field Marshal Albert Kesselring commander of all German forces in Italy, replacing Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, who will be sent to France to prepare defenses along the coast. Soviets retake Kiev, Ukraine. Submarine USS Pampanito is commissioned at Portsmouth Navy Yard, NH, now a museum ship in San… Read more »