75 Years Ago—Mar. 19, 1944: Mediterranean Allied Air Force issues directive for Operation Strangle, air raids on railroads north of Rome during two-month lull in ground campaign, to hinder German supply & reinforcement. German troops occupy Hungary to prevent the nation’s withdrawal from the war.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Mar. 18, 1944: Hungary’s regent, Adm. Miklós Horthy, agrees to new terms of alliance with Nazi Germany, including occupation by German troops and deportation of Hungary’s 750,000 Jews. Movie premiere of comedy See Here, Private Hargrove, starring Robert Walker & Donna Reed.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 17, 1944: In Cassino, Italy, New Zealanders take western part of town, the train station, and assault German strongholds in hotels. Félix Éboué, Governor-General of French Equatorial Africa, dies of a heart attack in Cairo, age 60; he was the first person of black African descent to be appointed to a high… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Mar. 16, 1944: US Air Transport Command begins airlift of 5th Indian Division from Arakan in southern Burma to reinforce besieged Imphal and Kohima in India.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 15, 1944: Countdown to D-day: US Ninth Air Force in England begins pre-invasion tactical missions for Operation Overlord (D-day). Second Allied aerial attack destroys town of Cassino, Italy in largest massed tactical air raid yet: 1200 tons of bombs plus 200,000 rounds of artillery.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 14, 1944: Countdown to D-day: Commodore Cyril Douglas-Pennant takes command of Royal Navy’s Force G, which will conduct landings and provide support at Gold Beach. In Burma, Japanese cut road from Tiddim north to Imphal, India; Indian troops are unable to retreat. US Selective Service cancels all draft deferments for men ages… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Mar. 13, 1944: To eliminate Rome as an Allied air raid target, Germans order removal of all military installations except medical, quartermaster, butcher, and bakery, and place Vatican City off limits to soldiers. In the Ukraine, Soviets cross the lower Dnieper at Kherson and take Kherson.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 12, 1944: Czechoslovakian government-in-exile urges uprising against the Nazis to meet the approaching Soviet army. Neutral Eire (Ireland) refuses to expel German diplomats and is isolated by the Allies.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 11, 1944: US Fifth Air Force begins neutralizing Japanese airfields at Wewak, New Guinea in preparation for April landings at Hollandia. US Fifteenth Air Force (based in Italy) bombs Toulon, France, sinking German U-boats U-380 and U-410 and several French warships that had been raised by the Germans.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 10, 1944: Countdown to D-day: Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Force issues Operation Overlord directive to ground, air, and naval forces for D-day. National movie premiere of The Fighting Seabees starring John Wayne.