75 Years Ago—Nov. 15, 1943: Allied Expeditionary Air Force (AEAF) is established under Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory for Operation Overlord (D-day). German Adm. Karl Dönitz abandons U-boat campaign in western Atlantic. Britain resumes Arctic convoys to Soviet Union. Gen. Mark Clark orders two-week halt to US offensive in Italy to allow for rest… Read more »
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Nov. 14, 1943: Battleship USS Iowa, carrying President Roosevelt to Africa, is almost hit by an accidentally fired torpedo from destroyer USS William D. Porter. Leonard Bernstein debuts as conductor of New York Philharmonic when Bruno Walter is sick.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 13, 1943: US Seventh Air Force and US Navy Task Force 57 carrier aircraft begin pre-invasion bombing of Tarawa, Makin, and Betio in Gilbert Islands. French Resistance attacks ball-bearing plant at Annecy.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 12, 1943: Japanese bomb Parap, Adelaide River, and Batchelor Airfield in final air raid on Australia. French proclaim martial law in Lebanon after Lebanese unilaterally amend constitution to end French mandate (on Nov. 8). After previous day’s Allied air raid, Japanese remove carriers from Rabaul, essentially neutralizing their major air and sea… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Nov. 11, 1943: US Navy carrier aircraft & land-based aircraft, plus bombers of the US Fifth & Thirteenth Air Forces and the Royal Australian Air Force (total of over 300 aircraft), make major raid on Japanese base at Rabaul, destroying 55 aircraft. On Rabaul raid, US Navy Curtiss SB2C Helldiver makes its combat… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Nov. 10, 1943: Soviets break through German lines at Gomel, Byelorussia. Rear Adm. Alan Kirk assumes command of Western Naval Task Force (US Task Force 122), over US naval forces for Operation Overlord (D-day).
75 Years Ago—Nov. 9, 1943: Representatives of 44 nations meet in Atlantic City, NJ, and establish United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration to prepare for reconstruction of Europe & Asia. US Marines break up Japanese counterattack on Piva Trail on Bougainville.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 8, 1943: US Marines repulse heavy Japanese offensive at Koromokina Lagoon, Bougainville. US C-53 cargo plane carrying 13 flight nurses & 13 medics of the 807th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron, plus 4 crewmen, crash-lands in Nazi-occupied Albania; over the next two months, they’ll escape on foot back to Allied territory.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 7, 1943: US 803rd Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron arrives at Chabua, India, and flies its first air evacuation mission. Release of wartime short film Beyond the Line of Duty, narrated by Ronald Reagan.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 6, 1943: Hitler names Field Marshal Albert Kesselring commander of all German forces in Italy, replacing Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, who will be sent to France to prepare defenses along the coast. Soviets retake Kiev, Ukraine. Submarine USS Pampanito is commissioned at Portsmouth Navy Yard, NH, now a museum ship in San… Read more »