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Today in
World War II History

Today in World War II History—May 25, 1942

Camp Stoneman, Pittsburg, CA, June 1942 (US National Archives)

Camp Stoneman, Pittsburg, CA, June 1942 (US National Archives)

80 Years Ago—May 25, 1942: US Army opens Camp Stoneman in Pittsburg, CA, to process soldiers heading to the Pacific.

Andrew Higgins’s landing craft competes with Navy landing craft at Norfolk, VA; the Higgins boat wins in all categories and will be produced as the LCVP (Landing Craft, Vehicle or Personnel).

US troops approach Omaha Beach in an LCVP landing craft, Normandy, France, 6 June 1944 (US Naval History and Heritage Command: 26-G-2340)

US troops approach Omaha Beach in an LCVP landing craft, Normandy, France, 6 June 1944 (US Naval History and Heritage Command: 26-G-2340)

Today in World War II History—May 24, 1942

Soviet partisans in Belarus, 1943 (public domain via Russian State Archive)

Soviet partisans in Belarus, 1943 (public domain via Russian State Archive)

80 Years Ago—May 24, 1942: Germans launch offensive against Soviet partisans in Bryansk-Vyazma rail line area.

Canada orders rationing of tea and coffee.

Today in World War II History—May 23, 1942

US Navy Grumman F6F-3 Hellcats, May 1943 (US National Museum of Naval Aviation: 2011.003.274.018)

US Navy Grumman F6F-3 Hellcats, May 1943 (US National Museum of Naval Aviation: 2011.003.274.018)

80 Years Ago—May 23, 1942: US Navy orders production of Grumman F6F Hellcat fighter aircraft.

Coastal Picket Patrol (civilian “Hooligan Navy”) is established under control of the US Coast Guard Auxiliary.

San Francisco emergency vehicles are requested not to use sirens due to confusion with air raid alarms.

Today in World War II History—May 22, 1942

US poster, WWII

US poster, WWII

80 Years Ago—May 22, 1942: Mexico declares war on Germany, Japan, and Italy after many ships are lost to German U-boats.

United Steel Workers of America is formed, combining smaller unions.

Today in World War II History—May 21, 1942

US F-5 photo reconnaissance aircraft and C-47 cargo planes at Amchitka in Aleutian Islands, 7 May 1942 (public domain via WW2 Database)

US F-5 photo reconnaissance aircraft and C-47 cargo planes at Amchitka in Aleutian Islands, 7 May 1942 (public domain via WW2 Database)

80 Years Ago—May 21, 1942: Japanese land in Leyte Gulf in the Philippines and occupy Leyte and Samar.

North Pacific Force established under Rear Adm. Robert Theobald for all US Army, US Navy, and Canadian forces in the Alaska area.

Boston Red Sox star Ted Williams hits his 100th home run; he will end the season with the Triple Crown, with a .356 batting average, 36 home runs, and 137 RBIs—the following day he enlists in the Naval Reserve, where he’ll serve as aviator.

Today in World War II History—May 20, 1942

Gen. Joseph Stilwell marching out of Burma, May 1942 (US Army Center of Military History)

Gen. Joseph Stilwell marching out of Burma, May 1942 (US Army Center of Military History)

80 Years Ago—May 20, 1942: Japanese complete conquest of Burma.

US Gen. Joseph Stilwell arrives in Imphal, India, from Burma with 100 military personnel and civilians, including missionary Dr. Gordon Seagrave and 19 nurses, after 150-mile march.

Last Japanese-Americans are evacuated from San Francisco.

Today in World War II History—May 19, 1942

US poster honoring Jimmy Doolittle, WWII

US poster honoring Jimmy Doolittle, WWII

80 Years Ago—May 19, 1942: Lt. Col. James Doolittle receives the Medal of Honor, revealing who led the US air raid on Tokyo.

New York City discontinues night baseball games for the duration.

Today in World War II History—May 18, 1942

Republic P-47B Thunderbolt, US 56th Fighter Group (US Army Air Forces photo)

Republic P-47B Thunderbolt, US 56th Fighter Group (US Army Air Forces photo)

80 Years Ago—May 18, 1942: Germans break through to surrounded troops at Demyansk, Russia.

First deliveries of Republic P-47B Thunderbolt fighter planes to the US Army Air Force (doesn’t see combat until April 1943).

Today in World War II History—May 17, 1942

 

Sikorsky YR-4B at NACA Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, Hampton, VA, 29 March 1945 (NASA Langley photo: EL-2003-00296)

Sikorsky YR-4B at NACA Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, Hampton, VA, 29 March 1945 (NASA Langley photo: EL-2003-00296)

80 Years Ago—May 17, 1942: Germans counterattack near Kharkov, ending Soviet advance in Ukraine.

Igor Sikorsky and Les Morris fly XR-4, the US Army’s first helicopter, 700 miles from Stratford, CT, to Wright Field, OH.

Today in World War II History—May 16, 1942

Col. Oveta Culp Hobby (right) talks with WAACs Margaret Peterson and Elizabeth Gilbert at Mitchel Field, NY, 1943 (Library of Congress: cph.3c18263)

Col. Oveta Culp Hobby (right) talks with WAACs Margaret Peterson and Elizabeth Gilbert at Mitchel Field, NY, 1943 (Library of Congress: cph.3c18263)

80 Years Ago—May 16, 1942: Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby is sworn in as director of US WAAC (Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps).

New song in Top Ten: “Sleepy Lagoon.”

Until Leaves Fall In Paris
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