75 Years Ago—Mar. 25, 1942: US Naval Task Force 39 leaves Maine for Britain to protect convoys to Russia, relieving the Royal Navy to protect the Mediterranean and to invade Madagascar. First Martin B-26 Marauder medium bombers arrive in a combat theater, at Brisbane/Archerfield AF, Australia.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—Mar. 24, 1942: Japanese begin intensive artillery and air bombardment of Bataan and Corregidor. Adm. Chester Nimitz appointed Commander in Chief of US Pacific Theater. US issues first exclusion order which will force removal of Japanese from Military Zone 1 (western halves of CA, OR, WA, southern portion of AZ). All Japanese-Americans on… Read more »
75 Years Ago—Mar. 23, 1942: Japanese seize Andaman Islands to protect route from Singapore to Rangoon. Off of San Francisco, US blimp TC-13 accidentally bombs and damages sub USS Gato.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 22, 1942: British cabinet member Sir Stafford Cripps meets with Gandhi to try to gain support in India for war effort. Allies abandon Magwe Airfield in Burma: US “Flying Tigers” evacuate to Loiwing and RAF to Akyab.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 21, 1942: Manzanar Relocation Center opens for Japanese-Americans—first internees are “volunteers.” First US paratroopers receive wings—in the 501st Parachute Battalion at Fort Benning, GA.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 20, 1942: Nazis first use gas chambers to murder Jews at Auschwitz concentration camp. In Australia, Gen. Douglas MacArthur makes “I shall return” speech, promising to return to the Philippines.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 19, 1942: On the Bataan Peninsula, US and Filipino troops are put on quarter-rations. Lt. Gen. William Slim assumes command of British forces in Burma. Japanese begin drive in Sittang Valley in Burma, opposed by Chinese troops.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 18, 1942: President Roosevelt creates War Relocation Authority under Milton Eisenhower to remove all Japanese-Americans from West Coast. Lord Mountbatten named British Chief of Combined Operations.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 17, 1942: Britain begins rationing fuel and electricity, bans central heating during the summer. Gen. Douglas MacArthur is flown by B-17 from Mindanao to Australia.
75 Years Ago—Mar. 16, 1942: US and Australian planes bomb Japanese shipping and installations at Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea.