75 Years Ago—July 19, 1943: Soviet female ace Yekaterina Budanova (11 victories) is shot down and killed over Luhansk, Russia. US bombs Rome for the first time: 500 bombers of the Twelfth Air Force strike Rome.
Posts Categorized: Today WWII History
75 Years Ago—July 18, 1943: Only US blimp lost in action during WWII: off Florida, US Navy airship K-74 fires on German U-boat U-134, but is shot down.
75 Years Ago—July 17, 1943: Off Bougainville in the Solomons, 192 Allied aircraft (US Thirteenth Air Force, US Navy, US Marine Corps & RNZAF) shoot down 44 Japanese planes. US 802nd Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron arrives at Ponte Olivo Airfield; air evacuation begins from Sicily. (Read more: three-part series starting with Medical Air Evacuation… Read more »
75 Years Ago—July 16, 1943: Australians advance from Wau, New Guinea toward Salamaua. Generaloberst Walter Model, CO of German Ninth Army, assumes second role as CO of Second Panzer Army after the Gestapo arrests Generaloberst Rudolf Schmidt. Britain announces plan to remodel secondary schools (ages 11-15) into grammar, modern, and technical tiers.
75 Years Ago—July 15, 1943: US Seventh Army takes Agrigento and Porto Empedocle, Sicily. Germans capture & execute most British Special Operatives in Paris. Lt. Louis Zamperini (Unbroken) and Lt. Russell Phillips are rescued by Japanese after 45 days in a lifeboat; they will survive the war as POWs. US Navy changes aircraft carrier designations:… Read more »
75 Years Ago—July 14, 1943: On Sicily, British Eighth Army takes Vizzini, Lentini, and Simeto. In Krasnodor, Russia, Soviets try 11 Germans in the first war crimes trial of the war. Movie premiere of For Whom the Bell Tolls, starring Gary Cooper & Ingrid Bergman.
75 Years Ago—July 13, 1943: Due to the Allied invasion of Sicily, Hitler orders a halt to the Kursk offensive in Russia. Battle of Kolombangara: in the Solomon Islands, US & New Zealand ships sink Japanese light cruiser Jintsu, but fail to prevent Japanese reinforcement of Kolombangara.
75 Years Ago—July 12, 1943: Battle of Prokhorovka at Kursk—in the largest tank battle in history, Soviets advance as Germans lose 400 tanks. On Sicily, US and British forces link at Ragusa. President Roosevelt signs bill establishing the Army Pharmacy Corps; 72 officers are authorized, but most pharmacists remain enlisted men. (Read more: Pharmacy in… Read more »
75 Years Ago—July 11, 1943: German Luftwaffe bombers attack Allied invasion fleet off Sicily. On the heels of Luftwaffe attack, US ships fire on US C-47s loaded with paratroopers, one of the worst fratricidal incidents of the war; 23 C-47s lost, 318 casualties. At Gela, Sicily, US cruisers and destroyers halt a German armored counterattack…. Read more »
75 Years Ago—July 10, 1943: Operation Husky: Allies invade Sicily. US Seventh Army lands at and takes Gela, Scoglitti, and Licata, while British Eighth Army lands at and takes Syracuse. US first uses DUKW amphibious vehicles in combat in Husky landings. US Navy first uses a General Communications ship (USS Ancon) to coordinate ship-to-shore communications.