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Today in World War II History—April 13, 1944

B-17 Memphis Belle and her crew, May 1943 (USAF Photo)

B-17 Memphis Belle and her crew, May 1943 (USAF Photo)

75 Years Ago—April 13, 1944: Countdown to D-day: RAF and US Ninth Air Force begin bombing campaign against gun emplacements at Normandy and elsewhere on coast to conceal invasion site.

Martial law lifted in US Territory of Hawaii, which had been in place since the attack on Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941.

Hollywood movie premiere of the documentary Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress, directed by William Wyler, about the famous B-17’s 25th mission. 

Longues-sur-Mer gun battery, Longues-sur-Mer, France, September 2017 (Photo: Sarah Sundin)

Longues-sur-Mer gun battery, Longues-sur-Mer, France, September 2017 (Photo: Sarah Sundin)

Today in World War II History—April 12, 1944

Prince Umberto of Italy, 1944 (United Kingdom government photo)

Prince Umberto of Italy, 1944 (United Kingdom government photo)

75 Years Ago—April 12, 1944: German troops begin evacuating the Crimea by sea.

King Vittorio Emanuele of Italy transfers most powers to his son Prince Umberto but retains the throne.

Today in World War II History—April 11, 1944

Allied map showing German gun emplacements and defenses at Pointe du Hoc, Normandy, dated 21 April 1944 and used in preparations for D-day (Imperial War Museum MH 24806)

Allied map showing German gun emplacements and defenses at Pointe du Hoc, Normandy, dated 21 April 1944 and used in preparations for D-day (Imperial War Museum MH 24806)

75 Years Ago—April 11, 1944: Due to increasing instances of sabotage in factories by the French, the German SS orders public execution as the penalty for sabotage.

Countdown to D-day: Lt. Col. James Rudder submits plan for US 2nd Ranger Battalion’s assault on Pointe du Hoc on D-day.

Soviets take Kerch in the Ukraine.

Today in World War II History—April 10, 1944

A copy of Operation Neptune orders and a weather map, on display at the National Museum of the Royal Navy, Portsmouth, England, September 2017 (Photo: Sarah Sundin)

A copy of Operation Neptune orders and a weather map, on display at the National Museum of the Royal Navy, Portsmouth, England, September 2017 (Photo: Sarah Sundin)

75 Years Ago—April 10, 1944: Countdown to D-day: Adm. Sir Bertram Ramsay (Allied Naval Commander, Expeditionary Force) issues 700-page Naval Orders, Operation Neptune (naval plan for D-day).

Soviets & partisans take Odessa, Ukraine.

Today in World War II History—April 9, 1944

Park Street Church, Boston, MA, July 2014 (Photo: Sarah Sundin)

Park Street Church, Boston, MA, July 2014 (Photo: Sarah Sundin)

75 Years Ago—April 9, 1944: Japanese surround 155,000 British & Indian troops in Imphal, India.

On Easter, churches around the nation donate $600,000 to the new War Relief Fund, started by Park Street Church in Boston, MA; in 1950, the organization will become World Relief.

Today in World War II History—April 8, 1944

Maj. Richard Bong in his P-38 (US Air Force photo)

Maj. Richard Bong in his P-38 (US Air Force photo)

75 Years Ago—April 8, 1944: Over New Guinea, Capt. Dick Bong of the US Fifth Air Force surpasses Eddie Rickenbacker’s 26 victories in WWI to become the top US ace.

New song in Top Ten: “Long Ago and Far Away” from the movie Cover Girl.

Today in World War II History—April 7, 1944

"Selection" of Hungarian Jews on the ramp at Auschwitz-II-Birkenau in German-occupied Poland, May/June 1944 (public domain via Yad Vashem)

“Selection” of Hungarian Jews on the ramp at Auschwitz-II-Birkenau in German-occupied Poland, May/June 1944 (public domain via Yad Vashem)

75 Years Ago—April 7, 1944: Slovak Jews Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escape from Auschwitz; they will write a detailed report that will be published in Geneva on May 17 and will lead Hungary to halt deportations in July 1944.

At besieged Kohima in India, Japanese troops seize the city’s water supply.

Today in World War II History—April 6, 1944

Garrison Hill at Kohima, India (Imperial War Museum)

Garrison Hill at Kohima, India (Imperial War Museum)

75 Years Ago—April 6, 1944: Japanese besiege 3500 British & Indian troops in Kohima, India.

United Kingdom introduces PAYE (Pay As You Earn) tax system.

Movie premiere of Cover Girl, starring Gene Kelly & Rita Hayworth; Oscar winner for orchestration for Carmen Dragon (of Antioch, CA).

Today in World War II History—April 5, 1944

Stella Romana oil refinery at Ploesti, Romania after US 15th Air Force bombing, 1944 (USAF photo)

Stella Romana oil refinery at Ploesti, Romania after US 15th Air Force bombing, 1944 (USAF photo)

75 Years Ago—April 5, 1944: US Strategic Air Forces (in England and Italy) begins campaign against German oil production: US Fifteenth Air Force sends 334 bombers to oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania.

In Hungary, all Jews are required to wear yellow stars.

Today in World War II History—April 4, 1944

Gen. Charles de Gaulle, 1942 (US Library of Congress)

Gen. Charles de Gaulle, 1942 (US Library of Congress)

75 Years Ago—April 4, 1944: Gen. Charles de Gaulle is named head of Free French military forces, replacing Gen. Henri Giraud.