Battle flag of submarine USS Archerfish, WWII (US Navy photo)
75 Years Ago—Nov. 29, 1944: Submarine USS Archerfish sinks Japanese carrier Shinano on her maiden voyage, at 59,000 tons the largest warship sunk by any sub during the war.
German spies William Colepaugh and Erich Gimpel are landed by U-boat U-1230 at Hancock Point, ME; both are arrested by 1/1/45.
Oil being unloaded from SS Fort Cataraqui at Antwerp, 30 Nov 1944, the first ship to berth at the port after Allied takeover (Imperial War Museum)
80 Years Ago—November 28, 1939: USSR denounces 1932 non-aggression pact with Finland.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 28, 1944: Allies open port of Antwerp, Belgium as first convoy of supply ships arrives.
Albania is secured by partisans as Germans evacuate.
In 1843, Elizabeth Meade’s mother arranges her marriage to the handsome Viscount Huxley.of Parham Hill Estate. However, she recognizes her fiancé immediately – ten years earlier she’d sketched the man’s countenance moments before he murdered her father. Is this her chance for revenge?
In 1944, young widow Amelia Woods is appalled when swaggering Yankee flyboys are quartered at her Framlingham home. With the refugee children she’s hosting and her beekeeping, Amelia doesn’t need any distractions. Especially not the quiet and kindly Capt. Wyatt Stevens who invades her treasured library.
In the present day, art historian Keira Foley is recruited by Emory Scott to investigate a portrait of Queen Victoria at his friend’s estate in Suffolk. But Emory has a reputation – valuable art disappeared from under his curation. Can Keira trust this stranger?
The Painted Castle unfolds the mysteries of Parham Hill Estate through three intriguing women in three eras, united by a portrait, a library, and tragedies. Kristy Cambron lovingly sketches the English scenery, and the story is enriched though the glimpses of history. And the romance – sigh! I truly loved following all three stories and watching how they braid together. Highly recommended!
Secretary of State Cordell Hull, September 1944 (US Department of State)
80 Years Ago—November 27, 1939: Nobel Committee announces cancellation of 1939 Peace Prize.
Japanese capture Nanning, China, an important railhead.
An earthquake of magnitude 8 kills over 20,000 in Erzhcam, Turkey.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 27, 1944: Aircraft from British carrier Implacable sink German freighter Rigel carrying 2248 Soviet POWs; 415 survive.
Explosion at an underground bomb dump in Hanbury, England kills 67 and leaves a ¼-mile-wide crater.
Cordell Hull resigns as US Secretary of State.
B-24 Liberators of the US 491st Bombardment Group, 1944 (US Air Force Historical Research Agency)
80 Years Ago—November 26, 1939: Soviets shell Mainila, Russia and claim the Finns did it, to justify their upcoming invasion of Finland.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 26, 1944: US 491st Bombardment Group loses 15 of 28 B-24 Liberators over Misburg, Germany in only 15 minutes.
First Allied boats traverse the Scheldt Estuary safely, allowing the port of Antwerp, Belgium to open.
Poster for the 1940 Winter Olympics, scheduled to be held in February 1940 in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, and canceled (University of Oslo)
80 Years Ago—November 25, 1939: 1940 Winter Olympic Games, originally scheduled to be held in Sapporo, Japan, then St. Moritz, Switzerland, and then Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, are cancelled due to the war.
Lt. Gen. Mark Clark and Lt. Gen. Lucian Truscott in Italy, Dec 1944 (US Army photo)
75 Years Ago—Nov. 25, 1944: German V-2 rocket hits Woolworth department store in London, killing 168.
Nazis demolish crematoria and gas chambers at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.
Gen. Mark Clark is named to command 15th Army Group (Allied Armies in Italy); Gen. Lucian Truscott will replace him over US Fifth Army.
Reg Saunders becomes the first Aborigine commissioned officer in the Australian Army.
US airmen reading a bulletin announcing their Saipan-based unit’s first bombing of Tokyo, Japan on 24 Nov 1944 (US National Archives)
80 Years Ago—November 24, 1939: Gestapo execute 120 Czech students accused of participating in anti-Nazi conspiracy.
British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) is created by Act of Parliament.
Map of Allied 6th Army Group front, 26 Nov 1944 (US Army Center of Military History)
75 Years Ago—Nov. 24, 1944: US B-29 Superfortresses bomb Tokyo for the first time.
Japanese capture Nanning, completing a land corridor between occupied China and Indochina.
In controversial decision, Gen. Dwight Eisenhower orders the 6th Army Group not to cross the Rhine but to drive north and assist Patton’s Third Army.
In Terrace, BC, Canadian conscripts (many are French-Canadian) mutiny when they hear they might be sent overseas, the largest mutiny in Canadian history; put down by 11/29; news of the mutiny is censored.
US poster featuring Norman Rockwell’s “Freedom from Want,” 1943
80 Years Ago—November 23, 1939: Britain begins rationing bacon and butter.
US celebrates Thanksgiving after President Roosevelt moved the holiday from the last to the second-to-last Thursday to extend the Christmas shopping season—although 22 states retain the original date. (Read more: “Thanksgiving in World War II.”)
Macy’s parade first features Superman balloon.
Adm. William Halsey having Thanksgiving dinner with the crew of battleship USS New Jersey, his flagship, Nov 1944 (US National Archives: 80-G-291498)
75 Years Ago—Nov. 23, 1944: French First Army takes Strasbourg, France.
Chinese-American WASP Hazel Lee is injured in a landing accident at Great Falls, MT; she will die on Nov. 25, the last of 38 WASPs to die on duty.
United States celebrates Thanksgiving.
WASP Hazel Ying Lee reviews her performance after a session in a Link trainer, 1944 (US Air Force photo)
Men of US 5th Infantry Division in Metz, France 18 November 1944 (US Army Center of Military History)
75 Years Ago—November 22, 1944: US Third Army takes crucial town of Metz, France.
Movie premiere of Meet Me in St. Louis, starring Judy Garland, in St. Louis, MO; the movie features the song “Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas.”
Movie premiere of Henry V, starring Laurence Olivier, the first of Shakespeare’s plays to be filmed in color.
Japanese battleship Kongo, 1937 (public domain via WW2 Database)
80 Years Ago—November 21, 1939: In Firth of Forth, light cruiser HMS Belfast is seriously damaged by a mine (now a museum ship in London).
75 Years Ago—Nov. 21, 1944: Near Formosa, submarine USS Sealion II sinks Kongo, the only Axis battleship sunk by an Allied submarine during the war.
US Seventh and French First Armies enter Alsatian plain in France.