75 Years Ago—Dec. 7, 1943: US Fifth Army launches first of several bloody attempts to take San Pietro, Italy.
75 Years Ago—Dec. 6, 1943: Soviets take Yeysk on Sea of Azov in Russia, cutting off German Army Group A.
75 Years Ago—Dec. 5, 1943: US P-51 Mustang fighter planes first escort US Eighth Air Force bombers on missions, extending range of raids.
Japanese G4M bombers bomb Calcutta, India (350 killed) and nearby US Tenth Air Force airfields (500 casualties).
Pres. Franklin Roosevelt selects Gen. Dwight Eisenhower as Supreme Allied Commander for Operation Overlord (D-day).
75 Years Ago—Dec. 4, 1943: Submarine USS Sailfish, under command of Lt. Cdr. Robert Ward of Antioch, CA, sinks Japanese escort carrier Chuyo off Japan.
New song in Top Ten: “Shoo Shoo, Baby.”
75 Years Ago—Dec. 3, 1943: US Fifth Army launches main ground attack on Winter Line in Italy after artillery barrage and infantry assault at night.
75 Years Ago—Dec. 2, 1943: Luftwaffe sends 105 Ju 88 bombers to bomb Allied ships at Bari, Italy, sinking or destroying 24 cargo ships and warships, including US Liberty ship John Harvey, which carried mustard gas; about 1000 soldiers, sailors, and civilians killed.
75 Years Ago—Dec. 1, 1943: First use of US P-51 Mustang fighter planes in Europe, as US Ninth Air Force P-51s fly a sweep over France.
Mussolini orders arrest of all Jews in Italy, but Italians shelter many.
Troopship HMT Queen Elizabeth disembarks US 2nd Ranger Battalion and US 357th Fighter Group at Greenock, Scotland.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 30, 1943: US takes unoccupied Abaiang and Marakei Atolls north of Tarawa in Gilberts.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 29, 1943: US VI Corps launches assault north of Mignano Gap in Italy.
Essex-class carrier USS Hornet (CV-12) is commissioned at Newport News, VA; now a museum ship in Alameda, CA.
75 Years Ago—Nov. 28, 1943: US Marines secure Tarawa Atoll.
Eureka Conference begins in Tehran, Iran: Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin will agree to a spring 1944 invasion of western Europe and a Soviet declaration of war on Japan after Germany’s defeat.
US Sixth Army (Southwest Pacific) establishes Alamo Scouts, an elite volunteer team to reconnoiter behind enemy lines.