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Today in World War II History—Dec. 7, 1943

US paratroopers approaching San Pietro, Italy, Dec. 1943 (US Army Center of Military History)

US paratroopers approaching San Pietro, Italy, Dec. 1943 (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Dec. 7, 1943: US Fifth Army launches first of several bloody attempts to take San Pietro, Italy.

Today in World War II History—Dec. 5, 1943

B-17 Flying Fortress "Maiden America" of the 385th Bomb Group is escorted on a mission by two P-51 Mustangs, including P-51D "Marymae" of the 357th Fighter Group. (Imperial War Museum, Roger Freeman Collection)

B-17 Flying Fortress “Maiden America” of the 385th Bomb Group is escorted on a mission by two P-51 Mustangs, including P-51D “Marymae” of the 357th Fighter Group. (Imperial War Museum, Roger Freeman Collection)

75 Years Ago—Dec. 5, 1943: US P-51 Mustang fighter planes first escort US Eighth Air Force bombers on missions, extending range of raids.

Japanese G4M bombers bomb Calcutta, India (350 killed) and nearby US Tenth Air Force airfields (500 casualties).

Pres. Franklin Roosevelt selects Gen. Dwight Eisenhower as Supreme Allied Commander for Operation Overlord (D-day).

Today in World War II History—Dec. 4, 1943

Cdr. Robert Ward, WWII (US Navy photo)

Cdr. Robert Ward, WWII (US Navy photo)

75 Years Ago—Dec. 4, 1943: Submarine USS Sailfish, under command of Lt. Cdr. Robert Ward of Antioch, CA, sinks Japanese escort carrier Chuyo off Japan.

New song in Top Ten: “Shoo Shoo, Baby.”

Japanese escort carrier Chuyo after torpedo strike (public domain via WW2 Database)

Japanese escort carrier Chuyo after torpedo strike (public domain via WW2 Database)

Today in World War II History—Dec. 3, 1943

Monte Sammucro and San Pietro, Italy, on the Winter Line (US Army Center of Military History)

Monte Sammucro and San Pietro, Italy, on the Winter Line (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Dec. 3, 1943: US Fifth Army launches main ground attack on Winter Line in Italy after artillery barrage and infantry assault at night.

Today in World War II History—Dec. 2, 1943

Allied ships burning at Bari, Italy, after Luftwaffe air raid 2 Dec 1943 (US Army Signal Corps)

Allied ships burning at Bari, Italy, after Luftwaffe air raid 2 Dec 1943 (US Army Signal Corps)

75 Years Ago—Dec. 2, 1943: Luftwaffe sends 105 Ju 88 bombers to bomb Allied ships at Bari, Italy, sinking or destroying 24 cargo ships and warships, including US Liberty ship John Harvey, which carried mustard gas; about 1000 soldiers, sailors, and civilians killed.

Today in World War II History—Dec. 1, 1943

"Queen Elizabeth Comes Up The Clyde," US Army painting by Byron Thomas, depicting troopship HMT Queen Elizabeth bringing US troops to England during WWII (US Army Center of Military History)

“Queen Elizabeth Comes Up The Clyde,” US Army painting by Byron Thomas, depicting troopship HMT Queen Elizabeth bringing US troops to England during WWII (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Dec. 1, 1943: First use of US P-51 Mustang fighter planes in Europe, as US Ninth Air Force P-51s fly a sweep over France.

Mussolini orders arrest of all Jews in Italy, but Italians shelter many.

Troopship HMT Queen Elizabeth disembarks US 2nd Ranger Battalion and US 357th Fighter Group at Greenock, Scotland.

Today in World War II History—Nov. 30, 1943

US flag on Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, Nov 1943 (US Marine Corps photo)

US flag on Tarawa, Gilbert Islands, Nov 1943 (US Marine Corps photo)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 30, 1943: US takes unoccupied Abaiang and Marakei Atolls north of Tarawa in Gilberts.

Today in World War II History—Nov. 29, 1943

Mignano Gap in Italy, WWII (US Army Center of Military History)

Mignano Gap in Italy, WWII (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 29, 1943: US VI Corps launches assault north of Mignano Gap in Italy.

Essex-class carrier USS Hornet (CV-12) is commissioned at Newport News, VA; now a museum ship in Alameda, CA.

Today in World War II History—Nov. 28, 1943

Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill at the Tehran Conference (US Library of Congress)

Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill at the Tehran Conference (US Library of Congress)

75 Years Ago—Nov. 28, 1943: US Marines secure Tarawa Atoll.

Eureka Conference begins in Tehran, Iran: Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin will agree to a spring 1944 invasion of western Europe and a Soviet declaration of war on Japan after Germany’s defeat.

US Sixth Army (Southwest Pacific) establishes Alamo Scouts, an elite volunteer team to reconnoiter behind enemy lines.

Patch of the Alamo Scouts, US Sixth Army, WWII

Patch of the Alamo Scouts, US Sixth Army, WWII