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Today in World War II History—Apr. 17, 1942

Captured French Army General Giraud at the house where he was imprisoned, Germany, 1940-1941 (US National Archives)

Captured French Army General Giraud at the house where he was imprisoned, Germany, 1940-1941 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Apr. 17, 1942: French Gen. Henri Giraud escapes from Königstein Castle, Dresden, Germany to Switzerland.

RAF Lancasters fly daylight raid to Augsburg, Germany; 7 of 12 bombers shot down.

Today in World War II History—Apr. 16, 1942

US government poster, 1942, via American Merchant Marine at War

US government poster, 1942, via American Merchant Marine at War

75 Years Ago—Apr. 16, 1942: Japanese land on Panay and Negros in the Philippines.

US forces on Panay under Col. Albert Christie retreat to mountains to wage guerilla warfare, but will surrender in May.

US Navy orders temporary halt to oil tanker traffic on the US East Coast due to heavy losses to German U-boats.

Today in World War II History—Apr. 15, 1942

Eighth Air Force Installations, Aug. 1942 (US Army Air Forces via hyperwar)

Eighth Air Force Installations, Aug. 1942 (US Army Air Forces via hyperwar)

75 Years Ago—Apr. 15, 1942: US Eighth Air Force Bomber Command sets up headquarters at High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire.

King George VI awards the George Cross to Malta for civilian heroism under Luftwaffe bombing, will not be received until September.

Today in World War II History—Apr. 14, 1942

German sailors of U-85 are buried with military honors at Hampton National Cemetery, Hampton, VA, 15 Apr 1942 (US Navy photo)

German sailors of U-85 are buried with military honors at Hampton National Cemetery, Hampton, VA, 15 Apr 1942 (US Navy photo)

75 Years Ago—Apr. 14, 1942: Off North Carolina, destroyer USS Roper sinks U-85 in first US naval victory over a German U-boat (all 46 killed).

British destroy Yenangyaung oil fields in Burma as Japanese advance.

Yenangyaung oilfields being destroyed by retreating British troops, Burma, 15 Apr 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

Yenangyaung oilfields being destroyed by retreating British troops, Burma, 15 Apr 1942 (Imperial War Museum)

Today in World War II History—Apr. 13, 1942

Navigation Officer Gerald Ford taking a sextant reading aboard the USS Monterey, 1944 (The Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum)

Navigation Officer Gerald Ford taking a sextant reading aboard the USS Monterey, 1944 (The Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum)

75 Years Ago—Apr. 13, 1942: Future president Gerald Ford is commissioned as an ensign in the US Navy.

Vice Adm. Robert Ghormley is designated Commander, South Pacific Area.

Today in World War II History—Apr. 12, 1942

US soldiers in Malinta Tunnel on Corregidor, April 1942. (US Army Center of Military History)

US soldiers in Malinta Tunnel on Corregidor, April 1942. (US Army Center of Military History)

75 Years Ago—Apr. 12, 1942: Pandit Nehru, head of Indian Congress Party, pledges to cooperate with Allies.

Japanese begin bombardment of Corregidor.

Royce Raid: US Brig. Gen. Ralph Royce leads 3 B-17s and 10 B-25s to Philippines, bombs, then evacuates 44 officers and civilians.

Today in World War II History—Apr. 11, 1942

US Merchant Marines poster, 1943 (US National Archives vis American Merchant Marine at War)

US Merchant Marines poster, 1943 (US National Archives vis American Merchant Marine at War)

75 Years Ago—Apr. 11, 1942: Germans contain Soviet landings at Eupatolia in the Crimea.

US authorizes Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines.

Today in World War II History—Apr. 10, 1942

American prisoners on the Bataan Death March, April 1942 (US National Archives)

American prisoners on the Bataan Death March, April 1942 (US National Archives)

75 Years Ago—Apr. 10, 1942: Bataan Death March begins: 75,000 US & Filipino troops forced on 55-mile march to Camp O’Donnell over the next two weeks; about 10,000 will die.

James Landis is officially made the director of US Office of Civilian Defense.

Candy and cigarettes are rationed in the Netherlands.

Today in World War II History—Apr. 9, 1942

American and Filipino troops surrendering at Bataan, Luzon, Philippines, 9 Apr 1942 (US National Parks Service)

American and Filipino troops surrendering at Bataan, Luzon, Philippines, 9 Apr 1942 (US National Parks Service)

75 Years Ago—Apr. 9, 1942: US surrenders to Japanese at Bataan: 35,000 Filipino troops and 35,000 US troops, the largest surrender in US history.

British carrier HMS Hermes and Australian destroyer HMAS Vampire are sunk off Ceylon by Japanese carrier aircraft.

The New York Times Best Seller list is first published.

Today in World War II History—Apr. 8, 1942

Patch of the US Ninth Air Force

Patch of the US Ninth Air Force

75 Years Ago—Apr. 8, 1942: In the Philippines, Gen. Jonathan Wainwright escapes from Bataan to Corregidor with 2000 US troops.

US Tenth Air Force flies first supply mission over “The Hump” from India into China, carrying fuel for the Doolittle Raid planes.

US Ninth Air Force is established at New Orleans Army Air Base, Louisiana; will serve in North Africa and later in Britain.