Buses waiting at the Vélodrome d’Hiver, where 13,000 Jews were assembled before being transported to Drancy and other French transit camps, Paris, July 16-17, 1942 (Bibliotheque Historique de la Ville de Paris, via US Holocaust Memorial Museum)
75 Years Ago—July 16, 1942: Nazis round up 13,000 foreign Jews in Paris at Vélodrome d’Hiver for deportation to concentration camps.
US Navy forms Task Force 61, Solomons Expeditionary Force, under Vice Adm. Frank Fletcher, and Task Force 63 over all Allied land-based planes in Southwest Pacific, under Rear Adm. John McCain.
Canada changes Income Tax Act to encourage married women to work.
Flight Lt. Brendan ‘Paddy’ Finucane, an Irishman who flew with the RAF, in the cockpit of his Spitfire at RAF Kenley, 1941 (Imperial War Museum)
75 Years Ago—July 15, 1942: Irish RAF ace Brendan “Paddy” Finucane (32 victories) is killed in action over northern France.
US Army Air Force forms Ground Observer Corps for civilian volunteers under Civilian Defense.
French General Charles De Gaulle, 1942 (Library of Congress)
75 Years Ago—July 14, 1942: Germans begin deportation of Dutch Jews to Auschwitz.
Gen. Charles de Gaulle renames the Free French the Fighting French.
In India, Gandhi orders non-violent rebellion against British rule.
Movie premiere of Lou Gehrig biography Pride of the Yankees, starring Gary Cooper, Teresa Wright.
Italian frogman of X MAS, WWII (public domain via Wikipedia)
75 Years Ago—July 13, 1942: Nazis massacre 5000 Jews in Rovno, Ukraine and 1500 in Josefov, Poland.
Italian frogmen swim 5 km to Gibraltar and plant limpet mines, sinking three Allied ships.
Officers of Australian 30th Brigade at Port Moresby, New Guinea, July 1942 (Australian War Memorial)
75 Years Ago—July 12, 1942: Australians reach Kokoda, New Guinea, having marched from Port Moresby over Owen Stanley Mountains.
First 49 civilian Coastal Picket Patrol craft go on patrol in Eastern Sea Frontier (off US East Coast).
German U-boat U-255 returning to port after attack on Convoy PQ-17, flying four victory pennants and the flag of the merchant ship Paulus Potter (US Navy photo)
75 Years Ago—July 11, 1942: Allied Arctic convoy PQ-17 arrives in ports in northern Russia, having lost 22 of 33 cargo ships plus two auxiliary vessels, to German U-boats and aircraft.
FBI arrests 158 German citizens in New York in a spy crackdown.
New song in Top Ten: “This Is Worth Fighting For.”
US military personnel inspecting the “Akutan Zero” wreck, Akutan Island, US Territory of Alaska, 11 Jul 1942 (public domain via WW2 Database)
75 Years Ago—July 10, 1942: German Army Group A opens drive to Rostov and the Caucasus, Group B to Stalingrad.
At El Alamein, Australians take Tel el Eisa and South Africans take Tel el Makh Khad.
US Navy PBY Catalina spots a downed Japanese Zero on Akutan in the Aleutians; salvage yields valuable information.
History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, volume 1, by Samuel Eliot Morison
75 Years Ago—July 9, 1942: German Army Group South divided into Army Group A and Army Group B.
US Navy assigns Lt. Cdr. Samuel Eliot Morison the task of writing the US naval history of WWII, which will run to 15 volumes.
In British convoy WP-183 off Lyme Bay, German torpedo boats sink five cargo ships and an antisubmarine trawler.
Patch of the US Tenth Air Force, WWII
75 Years Ago—July 8, 1942: Brig. Gen. Claire Chennault takes command of the China Air Task Force within the US Tenth Air Force, which has absorbed his former AVG (“Flying Tigers”).
US Army Air Force adds rank of Flight Officer for enlisted pilots.
US Coast Guard PH-2 seaplane lands to rescue survivors from U-701 – Navy K-type airship overhead had located survivors and dropped raft and supplies. An Army A-29 had sunk U-701 on 7 July 1942 off Wilmington, NC. This rescue took place on 9 July 1942. (US Navy photo)
75 Years Ago—July 7, 1942: US Army Air Force opens Wideawake Field on Ascension Island, opening South Atlantic route for two-engine planes and some fighters (Read more: Of Terns and Planes).
In New Guinea, Australian troops begin march north over the Owen Stanley Range from Port Moresby toward Kokoda.
US Army Air Force sinks its first submarine off the US East Coast—an A-29 Hudson sinks U-701 off Wilmington, NC.