US poster, 1942
75 Years Ago—Oct. 7, 1942: US & Britain announce creation of United Nations Commission to investigate war crimes.
On Guadalcanal, Marines open offensive to expand perimeter at Henderson Field past artillery range.
Bandleader Glenn Miller inducted into the US Army Air Forces.
Japanese-American girl walking in rain, Jerome Relocation Center, AR, 12 Mar 1943 (US National Archives)
75 Years Ago—Oct. 6, 1942: Second Protocol for US aid to USSR signed in Washington: 4 million tons of supplies promised through 7/1/43.
War Relocation Center at Jerome, Arkansas opens for Japanese-Americans.
1942 World Series program (National World War II Museum)
75 Years Ago—Oct. 5, 1942: Nazis order all Jews in concentration camps in Germany to be sent to Auschwitz or Majdanek.
World Series ends: St. Louis Cardinals beat New York Yankees four games to one in Yankees’ first World Series defeat since 1926.
Stalingrad Tractor Factory after German capture, Stalingrad, Russia, 17 Oct 1942 (German Federal Archive: Bild 183-B22437)
75 Years Ago—Oct. 4, 1942: British commando raid on Sark in the Channel Islands yields one German prisoner.
Germans make fourth major offensive at Stalingrad, attack tractor factory.
Bette Davis & John Garfield, founders of the Hollywood Canteen, 1942 (public domain)
75 Years Ago—Oct. 3, 1942: In Stalingrad, Germans push Soviets back to the Volga.
War Dog Reception and Training Center established at Fort Robinson, NE.
Hollywood Canteen opens on Cahuenga Blvd., started by Bette Davis and John Garfield, with film stars entertaining and serving Allied troops.
British troopship HMT Queen Mary returning US troops from Europe, New York, NY, 20 June 1945 (US National Archives)
75 Years Ago—Oct. 2, 1942: Off Northern Ireland, troopship HMT Queen Mary (carrying US 29th Infantry Division to Britain) collides with light cruiser HMS Curacoa, cutting it in half (337/364 killed).
US Marines occupy Funafuti in the Ellice Islands in the Pacific to build an airfield.
75 Years Ago—Oct. 1, 1942: Off Shanghai, sub USS Grouper sinks Japanese troop transport Lisbon Maru, killing 850/1816 British & Canadian POWs.
Maiden flight of Bell Airacomet XP-59A at Muroc, the first US jet to fly.
Golden Books first sold (25 cents each): twelve original titles include Scuffy the Tugboat and The Poky Little Puppy.
Erwin Rommel and Hans-Joachim Marseille, Libya, 16 Sep 1942 (public domain via WW2 Database)
75 Years Ago—Sept. 30, 1942: Luftwaffe ace Hans-Joachim Marseille (151 victories) is killed when bailing from Me 109 fighter plane over Egypt.
US begins rationing men’s rubber boots and work shoes.
Canada begins draft for men 19 and older (men 21-24 already subject to draft).
“Democracy in Action!” by Charles Alston, commemorating launch of SS Booker T. Washington, 1942 (US National Archives)
75 Years Ago—Sept. 29, 1942: RAF Eagle Squadrons (American volunteers) are officially converted into the US 4th Fighter Group of the Eighth Air Force, flying Spitfires; the group will soon fly P-47s, then P-51s.
Seaplane from Japanese submarine I-25 drops incendiary bombs in southern coastal Oregon, in an unsuccessful attempt to start forest fires, the second and last bombing of the US in WWII.
Liberty ship Booker T. Washington is launched at Wilmington, DE, the first US merchant ship named after an African-American and the first commanded by a black captain (Hugh Mulzac); the crew was integrated.
Spitfire MK V of US 4th Fighter Group, 1942; note USAAF insignia overlying the RAF roundel (US Army Air Force photo)
Australian soldier examines Japanese artillery shells abandoned at Ioribaiwa, New Guinea, Sept. 1942 (Australian War Memorial)
75 Years Ago—Sept. 28, 1942: Australians take Ioribaiwa in drive back up Kokoda Trail on New Guinea.